Help
Subscribe


GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy

 23 May 2018

Advanced search
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Anorectal dysfunction with postoperative radiotherapy

This month's issue of the Diseases of the Colon and Rectum finds that postoperative radiotherapy after anterior resection causes long-term anorectal dysfunction, mainly as the result of a weakened, less sensitive anal sphincter.

News image

fiogf49gjkf04

Adjuvant radiotherapy in the treatment of rectal cancer has been shown to increase long-term morbidity.

Ajuvant radiotherapy for rectal cancer causes severe anorectal dysfunction with physiologic changes whose interaction remains poorly understood.

Dr Lilli Lundby and colleagues from Denmark examined long-term anorectal morbidity from adjuvant postoperative radiotherapy.

60% of those receiving radiotherapy had liquid stool vs 23% who had no radiotherapy
Diseases of the Colon & Rectum

The researchers conducted a prospective study assessing the long-term effect of radiotherapy on anorectal function in a subset of surviving patients.

The patients had Dukes B or C rectal carcinoma and were randomized to postoperative radiotherapy or no adjuvant treatment after anterior resection.

The team assessed long-term effects of radiotherapy using a questionnaire on subjective symptoms.

Physiology laboratory evaluation and flexible sigmoidoscopy was also used to assess the long-term effects of radiotherapy after anterior resection.

The researchers found that 80% of patients treated with radiotherapy had increased bowel frequency compared with 23% who had no radiation therapy .

The team observed that the 60% group treated with radiotherapy had loose or liquid stool versus 23% of those who were not treated with radiotherapy.

The patients treated with radiotherapy also had fecal incontinence more often, and wore pads more often.

The team noted that patients treated with radiotherapy experienced fecal urgency and were unable to differentiate stool from gas more often.

Endoscopy revealed a pale and atrophied mucosa and telangiectasias in the irradiated patients.

The team reported that anorectal physiology showed a reduced rectal capacity and maximum squeeze pressure in the radiotherapy group.

In addition, impedance planimetry demonstrated a reduced rectal distensibility in these patients.

Dr Lundby's team concludes, “Adjuvant postoperative radiotherapy after anterior resection causes severe long-term anorectal dysfunction.

“This is mainly the result of a weakened, less sensitive anal sphincter and an undistensible rectum with reduced capacity.”

Dis Col Rectum 2005: 48(7): 1343-52
08 July 2005

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 23 May 2018 
High body mass index is and ulcerative colitis
 23 May 2018 
Management of perianal fistulas in Crohn’s disease
 23 May 2018 
Cardiovascular risk in diabetes mellitus with NAFLD
 22 May 2018 
Worldwide H.pylori prevalence
 22 May 2018 
PPI and risk of stroke
 22 May 2018 
Online tool predicts bowel dysfunction severity prior to anterior resection
 21 May 2018 
Fecal incontinence and quality of life in IBD
 21 May 2018 
PPI use and cognitive decline
 21 May 2018 
Depressive symptoms in IBD youth
 18 May 2018 
Esophageal dilatation in clinical practice 
 17 May 2018 
IBD and later extraintestinal manifestations
 17 May 2018 
Repeat stool DNA testing
 17 May 2018 
IBS and chronic fatigue following GI infection
 16 May 2018 
Factors associated with fecal incontinence
 16 May 2018 
Diagnostic delay in Crohn's disease
 16 May 2018 
Cardiovascular risk in diabetes mellitus with NAFLD
 15 May 2018 
Guidelines for management of Crohn's
 15 May 2018 
New therapies for CDI
 15 May 2018 
Hep B in the Grey Zone
 14 May 2018 
Blood test for the diagnosis of fibrotic NASH
 14 May 2018 
Outcomes at bariatric centers of excellence
 14 May 2018 
Management of perianal fistulas in Crohn’s
 11 May 2018 
Detection of undiagnosed celiac disease
 11 May 2018 
Alcohol consumption and drug-induced liver injury
 10 May 2018 
Colorectal cancer screening
 10 May 2018 
Post‐operative complications in elderly IBD
 10 May 2018 
Fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B
 09 May 2018 
Esophageal dilatation in clinical practice 
 09 May 2018 
Fecal incontinence
 09 May 2018 
Health problems and IBS
 07 May 2018 
Omitting antibiotics in uncomplicated acute diverticulitis
 07 May 2018 
Health problems and IBS
 07 May 2018 
Assessment of diminutive colorectal polyps
 04 May 2018 
Factors associated with fecal incontinence
 04 May 2018 
National Institutes of Health workshop and obesity
 04 May 2018 
Colorectal cancer screening and ethnic inequities
 03 May 2018 
Gastrointestinal ultrasound in IBD
 03 May 2018 
Ultransonography in postsurgical recurrence in Crohn's
 02 May 2018 
Hep C antiviral treatment and liver cancer risk
 02 May 2018 
Symptom assessment in cirrhotic ascites
 02 May 2018 
Chronic Hep B
 01 May 2018 
European guidelines on pancreatic cystic neoplasms
 01 May 2018 
Interferon‐free regimens in Hep C
 01 May 2018 
Age at IBD onset and extraintestinal complications
 30 April 2018 
Formula for preterm infants
 30 April 2018 
Primary antibiotic resistance and sequential therapy for H. pylori
 27 April 2018 
Eastern and western practices for endoscopic resection of colorectal lesions
 27 April 2018 
Anxiety scale for chronic esophageal disease
 27 April 2018 
Disease activity in eosinophilic esophagitis
 26 April 2018 
Obesity and physical activity in diverticulosis
 26 April 2018 
Primary sclerosing cholangitis in the USA
 25 April 2018 
Aspirin and pancreatic cancer
 25 April 2018 
Central mediators of irinotecan-induced steatohepatitis
 25 April 2018 
Neuroimaging in Hep C
 24 April 2018 
Scoring system identifies cancer risk in Barrett's
 24 April 2018 
Microbiome in athletes vs sedentary subjects
 23 April 2018 
Genome-wide study on HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure
 23 April 2018 
Antibody suitable for further clinical development to complement existing therapeutic strategies for HCV
 23 April 2018 
Sleep deprivation and NAFLD in the USA
 20 April 2018 
Two annexin A11 epitopes targeted by IgG1 and IgG4 autoantibodies were shared between patients with IAC/AIP and IgG4 antibodies blocked binding of IgG1 antibodies to the shared annexin A11 epitopes

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2018 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us