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 22 February 2018

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Prevalence, symptoms and treatment of constipation in infants

Milk of magnesia and polyethylene glycol were efficient and safe in the treatment of constipation in infants and toddlers, with a prevalence rate for constipation of 3% in the first year of life and 10% in the second, finds this month's issue of Journal of Pediatrics.

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Dr Loening-Baucke from Iowa, America determined the prevalence of constipation in children 2 years, described the symptoms of constipation, and reviewed how often specific interventions were effective.

The researcher designed a retrospective chart review showing that 185 of 4,157 children under 2 years of age had constipation.

The investigator found that the prevalence rate for constipation in the first year of life was 3%, and in the second year of life, the rate was 10%.

Dietary changes, corn syrup, or both resolved constipation in 25% of children, and laxatives in 92%
Journal of Pediatrics

The researcher observed that functional constipation was the cause in 97% of the children and both boys and girls were affected with equal frequency.

Constipation was caused by an underlying organic disease in 2% of cases, and 97% of the children had functional constipation.

In addition, the researcher noted that dietary changes and corn syrup were the initial treatment suggestions for 116 children; 93% of these children underwent follow-up examinations, and constipation was resolved in 25% of the children.

The investigator reported that 100 children were treated with milk of magnesia or polyethylene glycol 3,350 without electrolytes.

93 of these 100 children underwent follow-up examinations, and the constipation was resolved with treatment in 92% of the children.

Dr Loening-Baucke concluded, “Dietary changes, corn syrup, or both resolved constipation in 25% of children, and laxatives resolved constipation in 92% of children.”

“Both milk of magnesia and polyethylene glycol were efficient and safe in infants and toddlers.”

Journal of Pediatrics 2005: 146(3): 359
16 March 2005

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