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 24 May 2018

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Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and type 2 diabetes

Higher consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with a greater magnitude of weight gain and an increased risk for type 2 diabetes, find doctors in this week's issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

News image

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Soft drinks and fruit punches contain large amounts of readily absorbable sugars. They may contribute to weight gain and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.

In this study, doctors from the United States examined the association between the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, weight change, and risk of type 2 diabetes.
Consumption of fruit punch was associated with increased diabetes risk.
Journal of the American Medical Association

The team performed prospective cohort analyses between 1991 and 1999 among women in the Nurses' Health Study II.

The team included 91,249 diabetes-free women in the diabetes analysis and 51,603 women in the weight change analysis.

The doctors identified 741 incident cases of confirmed type 2 diabetes during 716,300 person-years of follow-up.

The team found that subjects with stable consumption patterns had no difference in weight gain. However, weight gain over a 4-year period was highest among women who increased their sugar-sweetened soft drink consumption from 1 or fewer drinks per week to 1 or more drinks per day

They established that increased consumption of fruit punch was associated with greater weight gain compared with decreased consumption.

The team determined that women who had 1 or more sugar-sweetened soft drink per day had a relative risk of 1.83 for type 2 diabetes, compared with women who consumed less than 1 per month.

Consumption of fruit punch was associated with increased diabetes risk.

Dr Matthias Schulze and team concluded, "Higher consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with a greater magnitude of weight gain and an increased risk for development of type 2 diabetes in women, possibly by providing excessive calories and large amounts of rapidly absorbable sugars".

JAMA 2004; 292(8): 927-34
26 August 2004

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