Soft drinks and fruit punches contain large amounts of readily absorbable sugars. They may contribute to weight gain and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
In this study, doctors from the United States examined the association between the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, weight change, and risk of type 2 diabetes.
|Consumption of fruit punch was associated with increased diabetes risk.|
|Journal of the American Medical Association|
The team performed prospective cohort analyses between 1991 and 1999 among women in the Nurses' Health Study II.
The team included 91,249 diabetes-free women in the diabetes analysis and 51,603 women in the weight change analysis.
The doctors identified 741 incident cases of confirmed type 2 diabetes during 716,300 person-years of follow-up.
The team found that subjects with stable consumption patterns had no difference in weight gain. However, weight gain over a 4-year period was highest among women who increased their sugar-sweetened soft drink consumption from 1 or fewer drinks per week to 1 or more drinks per day
They established that increased consumption of fruit punch was associated with greater weight gain compared with decreased consumption.
The team determined that women who had 1 or more sugar-sweetened soft drink per day had a relative risk of 1.83 for type 2 diabetes, compared with women who consumed less than 1 per month.
Consumption of fruit punch was associated with increased diabetes risk.
Dr Matthias Schulze and team concluded, "Higher consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with a greater magnitude of weight gain and an increased risk for development of type 2 diabetes in women, possibly by providing excessive calories and large amounts of rapidly absorbable sugars".