In this study, doctors from Denmark assessed 1160 patients with ulcerative colitis to describe survival and cause-specific mortality.
The team presented observed versus expected deaths as standardized mortality ratios (SMR).
They also calculated cumulative survival curves.
The doctors found that a total of 261 deaths occurred. This value was not significantly different from the expected number of 249 (SMR, 1.05).
They also determined that the median age at death was 70 years in men and 74 in women.
|10% of deaths were caused by ulcerative colitis complications.|
The team found that 10% of deaths were caused by ulcerative colitis complications.
Furthermore, patients over 50 years of age at diagnosis, and with extensive colitis, had increased mortality within the first 2 years due ulcerative colitis-associated causes.
However, they did not find that mortality from colorectal cancer was increased. Cancer incidence was significantly lower than expected.
Dr Karen Vanessa Winther's team concluded, "Despite an overall normal life expectancy for patients with ulcerative colitis, patients >50 years of age and with extensive colitis at diagnosis had increased mortality within the first 2 years".