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 28 May 2018

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News

Prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalized medical patients

Patients with malignancies, IBD, chronic heart failure and benign lung diseases have a high prevalence of malnutrition, find scientists from Germany.

News image

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Malnutrition is common in hospitalized patients.

In this study, scientists investigated whether certain diseases predispose patients to malnutrition.

The team's findings are published in the latest issue of Digestive Diseases.

Patients' nutritional state was assessed using clinical scores, anthropometry and bioimpedance analysis.
Malnutrition was present in 24% of patients.
Digestive Diseases

There were 502 consecutive patients from 2 hospitals included in the study.

The team compared the prevalence of malnutrition between patient diagnoses.

The scientists found that malnutrition was present in 24% of patients.

They identified a clear association between diagnoses and malnutrition.

The prevalence of malnutrition was significantly higher in malignant (51%) than in non-malignant diseases (21%).

High rates of malnutrition were also observed in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases, chronic heart failure and benign lung diseases.

However, they team determined that patients with gastrointestinal diseases were not more frequently malnourished than other patients.

They established that malnourished patients were older, and had a 40% longer hospital stay, compared with well-nourished patients.

Dr Matthias Pirlicha's team concluded, "Patients with malignancies, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic heart failure and benign lung diseases need special attention due to the high prevalence of malnutrition".

Dig Dis 2003; 21: 245-51
19 November 2003

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