Help
Subscribe


GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy

 21 February 2018

Advanced search
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Iron replacement therapy alters the gut microbiota in IBD  

Oral versus intravenous iron replacement therapy distinctly alters the gut microbiota and metabolome in patients with IBD, reports the latest issue of Gut.  

News image

Iron deficiency is a common complication in patients with IBD and oral iron therapy is suggested to exacerbate IBD symptoms. 

Professor Dirk Haller and colleagues from Germany performed an open-labelled clinical trial to compare the effects of per oral versus intravenous (IV) iron replacement therapy.

The researchers evaluated patients with Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and control subjects with iron deficiency. 

After randomization, participants received iron sulfate per oral or iron sucrose IV over 3 months. 

Clinical parameters, fecal bacterial communities and metabolomes were assessed before and after intervention.

The researchers found that both participants received iron sulfate, and IV treatments ameliorated iron deficiency, but higher ferritin levels were observed with IV. 

Infliximab trough levels increased during pregnancy, by about 4 μg/mL per trimester
Gut
Changes in disease activity were independent of iron treatment types. 

The team characterized fecal samples in IBD by marked interindividual differences, lower phylotype richness and proportions of Clostridiales. 

Metabolite analysis also showed separation of both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease from control anemic participants. 

The researchers observed major shifts in bacterial diversity in approximately half of all participants after iron replacement therapy, but patients with Crohn's disease were most susceptible. 

Despite individual-specific changes in phylotypes due to iron replacement therapy, participants received iron sulfate treatment was associated with decreased abundances of operational taxonomic units assigned to the species Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, Ruminococcus bromii, Dorea sp. and Collinsella aerofaciens

The research team noted that clear IV-specific and participants received iron sulfate-specific fingerprints were evident at the level of metabolomes, with changes affecting cholesterol-derived host substrates.

Professor Haller's team concludes, "Shifts in gut bacterial diversity and composition associated with iron treatment are pronounced in IBD participants."

"Despite similar clinical outcome, oral administration differentially affects bacterial phylotypes and faecal metabolites compared with IV therapy."

Gut 2017;66:863-871
19 April 2017

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 21 February 2018 
Management of hemorrhoids in the USA
 21 February 2018 
Adalimumab and infliximab in biologic-naïve Crohn's
 21 February 2018 
Cystic fibrosis and colorectal cancer
 20 February 2018 
Complications and surveillance colonoscopies
 20 February 2018 
Treatment algorithm for polyp cancers
 20 February 2018 
Predictors of postoperative infection in Crohn's
 19 February 2018 
Screening colonoscopy in the right and left colon
 19 February 2018 
NAFLD prevalence in the USA
 19 February 2018 
Fructans in children with IBS

 16 February 2018 
Inflammatory bowel diseases are global diseases
 16 February 2018 
Undetected celiac in the elderly
 16 February 2018 
Fructans induce non-celiac gluten sensitivity
 15 February 2018 
NSAIDS and GI damage
 15 February 2018 
Oral direct-acting antiviral treatment for Hep C virus genotype 1
 15 February 2018 
Primary vs secondary surgery for the presence of lymph node metastasis
 14 February 2018 
Predicting adenoma detection rate
 14 February 2018 
Normal bowel frequency characterization in the USA 
 13 February 2018 
Personalising treatment options for IBS
 13 February 2018 
Prebiotics improve endothelial dysfunction
 13 February 2018 
Diagnostic criteria for a Rome IV functional gastrointestinal disorders
 12 February 2018 
Visceral hypersensitivity and functional GI disorders
 12 February 2018 
Depression and aggressive IBD
 12 February 2018 
Variability in interpretation of endoscopic findings impacts patient management
 09 February 2018 
Treatment of choice for anastomotic stricture in IBD
 09 February 2018 
PRO measurement information system 
 09 February 2018 
Overall disease severity indices for IBD
 08 February 2018 
Prediction of endoscopically active disease

 08 February 2018 
Steroid-refractory acute severe ulcerative colitis
 08 February 2018 
Decision aid used by IBD patients
 07 February 2018 
Ursodeoxycholic acid combined with bezafibrate for itching
 07 February 2018 
Change in microbiome in gastritis vs gastric carcinoma
 07 February 2018 
Colorectal cancer and primary sclerosing cholangitis-IBD
 06 February 2018 
Risk of death after liver transplantation
 06 February 2018 
Crohn’s disease vs refractory pouchitis
 06 February 2018 
Support for functional dyspepsia symptom diary
 05 February 2018 
Helicobacter spp influence on GI tract 
 05 February 2018 
No link found between severe reflux and all-cause mortality 
 05 February 2018 
Psychological distress in PPI non-responders
 02 February 2018 
Assessing psychosexual impact of IBD
 02 February 2018 
Decrease in overall mortality with cholera vaccination
 02 February 2018 
Diagnostic performance of fecal immunochemical tests
 01 February 2018 
Screening frequency with family histories of colorectal cancer
 01 February 2018 
IBD and sport participation
 01 February 2018 
Life with a stoma 
 31 January 2018 
Aprepitant and gastroparesis 
 31 January 2018 
Anesthesia risk in colonoscopy
 31 January 2018 
GED-0301 for Crohn's Disease
 30 January 2018 
Intestinal dysbiosis and allergic diseases in infants
 30 January 2018 
Fructans and IBS symptoms in children
 29 January 2018 
Dosing calculator for therapy optimization in IBD
 29 January 2018 
Glecaprevir–pibrentasvir for in HCV
 29 January 2018 
Food allergen injections in eosinophilic esophagitis
 29 January 2018 
Reliability of the IBD index
 26 January 2018 
Tofacitinib vs biological therapies for ulcerative colitis
 26 January 2018 
Optimizing selection of biologics in IBD
 26 January 2018 
Nutritional risk and laparoscopic-assisted gastrectomy outcomes
 25 January 2018 
Patient-reported outcome measure for functional dyspepsia
 25 January 2018 
Predicting intra-abdominal infections after colorectal surgery
 25 January 2018 
Predictors of gastric cancer risk
 24 January 2018 
Risk factors underlying previously undiagnosed cirrhosis

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2018 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us