Dr Hann and colleagues from New Jersey, USA conducted a study to understand the symptomatology, attitudes, and behaviors of chronic Hepatitis B patients.
Chronic Hepatitis B patients enrolled in this study were recruited through multiple methods, including newspaper advertisements.
Interviews were conducted in multiple languages, and all participants had a history of chronic Hepatitis B infection for at least 6 months.
|Asians were more likely to consider Hep B overriding their daily activities|
|Journal of Viral Hepatitis|
Patients with documented human immunodeficiency virus or Hepatitis C virus coinfection were excluded from data analyses.
There were 258 respondents who completed interviews in 2004.
The team found that the majority of monoinfected patients were male and non-Asian.
Length of diagnosis was 6 years for all participants.
The research team noted that 95% of chronic Hepatitis B patients reported symptoms of differing severity in the 12 months prior to the survey.
The most common symptoms included fatigue/loss of energy, and loss of appetite.
The team found non-Asian patients described greater symptomatology.
Non-Asians were more likely than Asians to consider chronic Hepatitis B an overriding concern in their daily activities.
Patients were treated either currently or previously with interferon described greater symptomatology than those treated without interferon.
The researchers observed that chronic Hepatitis B patients may have greater symptomatology than recognized.
Dr Hann's team concluded, "Disease perceptions and treatment attitudes differ between Asian and non-Asian ethnic groups, with the former appearing to be more accepting and less concerned about the disease."
"Additional research about chronic Hepatitis B symptomatology and health attitudes by ethnicity is needed to ensure that individuals with chronic Hepatitis B are educated on the potential health risks and the availability of current treatment options."