Help
Subscribe


GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy

 22 January 2018

Advanced search
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Enterocolitis in children with developmental disorders associated with behavioral regression

Andrew Wakefield and colleagues describe some of the endoscopic and pathological characteristics in a group of children with developmental disorders that are associated with behavioral regression and bowel symptoms, and compares them with pediatric controls.

News image

fiogf49gjkf04

Intestinal pathology, i.e., ileocolonic lymphoid nodular hyperplasia (LNH) and mucosal inflammation, has already been been described in children with developmental disorders.

Andrew Wakefield and colleagues from London, UK, report in September’s Am J Gastroenterol that they performed ileocolonoscopy and biopsy on 60 affected children with developmental disorders (median age 6 years, range 3-16; 53 male).

Developmental diagnoses were autism (50 patients), Asperger's syndrome (five), disintegrative disorder (two), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (one), schizophrenia (one), and dyslexia (one).

Severity of ileal LNH was graded (0-3) in both affected children and 37 developmentally normal controls (median age 11 years, range 2-13) who were investigated for possible inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Tissue sections were reviewed by three pathologists and scored on a standard proforma. Data were compared with ileocolonic biopsies from 22 histologically normal children (controls) and 20 children with ulcerative colitis (UC), scored in an identical manner. Gut pathogens were sought routinely.

Ileal LNH was present in 54 of 58 (93%) affected children and in five of 35 (14%) controls (P < 0.001). Colonic LNH was present in 18 of 60 (30%) affected children and in two of 37 (5%) controls (P < 0.01).

"A new variant of inflammatory bowel disease is present in this group of children with developmental disorders."

Andrew Wakefield.

Histologically, reactive follicular hyperplasia was present in 46 of 52 (89%) ileal biopsies from affected children and in four of 14 (29%) with UC, but not in non-IBD controls (P < 0.01).

Active ileitis was present in four of 51 (8%) affected children but not in controls. Chronic colitis was identified in 53 of 60 (88%) affected children compared with one of 22 (5%) controls and in 20 of 20 (100%) with UC.

Scores of frequency and severity of inflammation were significantly greater in both affected children and those with UC, compared with controls (P < 0.001).

The authors conclude that a new variant of inflammatory bowel disease is present in this group of children with developmental disorders.

In an accompanying editorial, Eamonn Quigley and David Hurley, from Cork, Ireland, write, "Wakefield et al. are to be congratulated on opening yet another window onto the ever-broadening spectrum of gut-brain interactions. Their findings raise many challenging questions that should provoke further much-needed research in this area, research that may provide true grounds for optimism for affected patients and their families."

Am J Gastroenterol 2000; 95: 2285-95.
25 September 2000

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 22 January 2018 
Costs of biologic therapies for IBD in the USA
 22 January 2018 
Western vs Asian guidelines for colon cancer management
 22 January 2018 
Improving symptoms in GERD
 19 January 2018 
Ileoanal pouch microbiota
 19 January 2018 
Predicting the risk of early surgery in Crohn’s
 19 January 2018 
Lifestyle intervention vs gastric bypass for obesity and diabetes
 18 January 2018 
Healthcare costs of liver cancer in the USA
 18 January 2018 
High-risk adenomas at colonoscopy
 18 January 2018 
Sleeve gastrectomy vs Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
 17 January 2018 
“Weekend effect” in upper GI hemorrhage
 17 January 2018 
Gut dysbiosis and non-antibiotic prescription medications
 17 January 2018 
Reducing surgical infections in high-outlier colorectal unit
 16 January 2018 
Bundle of care in GI cancer surgery
 16 January 2018 
Anxiety about colonoscopy
 16 January 2018 
Thiopurines and colorectal neoplasia in IBD
 15 January 2018 
Risks of death after liver transplants for liver cancer
 15 January 2018 
Recent advances in hepatocellular carcinoma
 15 January 2018 
Ileostomy output using telemedicine
 12 January 2018 
Surveillance protocols after colorectal cancer resection
 12 January 2018 
Biologic therapy by pregnant women with IBD and infant vaccines
 12 January 2018 
Biologic therapies for IBD in the USA
 11 January 2018 
Genetic risk factors in GERD
 11 January 2018 
Predictor of colorectal adenoma
 11 January 2018 
Ectopic pregnancy in IBD 
 10 January 2018 
Fecal immunochemical tests for colorectal cancer screening
 10 January 2018 
Risk factors for advanced NAFLD
 10 January 2018 
Dyspepsia prevalence with gastroesophageal reflux–type symptoms
 09 January 2018 
Screening intervals for people with family histories of colorectal cancer
 09 January 2018 
Financial impact of colorectal cancer
 09 January 2018 
Current practice and future research in autoimmune hepatitis
 08 January 2018 
Reliability of the IBD index
 08 January 2018 
Improving prognosis in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis
 08 January 2018 
Aprepitant and nausea with gastroparesis
 05 January 2018 
Autoimmune pancreatitis and IBD
 05 January 2018 
Primary nonresponse to infliximab therapy
 05 January 2018 
Anesthesia assistance in outpatient colonoscopy
 04 January 2018 
Dietary polyphenols in the etiology of IBD
 04 January 2018 
Local esophageal food allergen injections in eosinophilic esophagitis
 04 January 2018 
Yoga vs low-FODMAP in IBS
 03 January 2018 
Population health management for IBD
 03 January 2018 
GERD in asthma and COPD
 03 January 2018 
Critical research gaps in colorectal cancer
 22 December 2017 
Costs of extrahepatic manifestations of Hep C
 22 December 2017 
Cholera vaccine and risk of death in colorectal cancer
 22 December 2017 
Colonoscopy after colorectal cancer resection
 21 December 2017 
Human oral microbiome and pancreatic cancer risk
 21 December 2017 
Health management for IBD
 21 December 2017 
PPI and Alzheimer's disease
 20 December 2017 
Management of abnormal liver blood tests
 20 December 2017 
Incidence of biopsy-verified celiac disease
 20 December 2017 
Osteoporotic fractures in Barrett's esophagus
 19 December 2017 
Alcohol abstinence and alcoholic hepatitis
 19 December 2017 
Family burden of pediatric Crohn's in the USA
 19 December 2017 
Early readmission in IBD patients
 18 December 2017 
Colorectal cancer mortality with low-risk adenomas at colonoscopy
 18 December 2017 
Disease activity indices in celiac disease
 18 December 2017 
Smoking behaviour predicted the risk of surgery in Crohn's
 15 December 2017 
Molecular classification of Crohn's disease
 15 December 2017 
Medical cannabinoid legalization policy and vomiting
 15 December 2017 
Inflammatory diet pattern and colorectal cancer risk

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2018 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us