Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease have great impact on patients' health-related quality of life.
Dr Lena Oxelmark and colleagues from Sweden developed an integrated medical and psychological/psychosocial group-based intervention program for IBD patients.
The team evaluated if such a program could influence the patients' health-related quality of life and coping abilities.
The investigative team randomized 24 IBD patients in remission or with low disease activity to intervention and 20 patients to a control.
The intervention comprised 9 weekly sessions, alternating lectures, and group therapy sessions.
|There were no differences in the IBD scores after intervention|
|Inflammatory Bowel Diseases|
The IBD Questionnaire and the Sense of Coherence scale were used to measure health-related quality of life and coping ability at 0, 6, and 12 months.
The team evaluated the intervention by a visual analog scale and written comments by a content analysis.
The team found no significant differences in the IBD questionnaire score before or after the intervention at month 6 or at month 12.
Similarly, the team observed no significant differences in mean Sense of Coherence scale before or after intervention or when comparing groups.
The visual analog scale and the content analysis showed that the intervention was well appreciated by the patients.
Dr Oxelmark's team concludes, “The group-based intervention program was feasible and highly appreciated.”
“There were no significant differences in average IBD Questionnaire or Sense of Coherence scale over time or in comparison with controls, and although an increase was seen in patients with short disease duration.