Help
Subscribe


GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy

 24 May 2018

Advanced search
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Smoking predicts bariatric postoperative complications

Smoking and superobesity are associated with postoperative complications, shows the most recent issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

News image

fiogf49gjkf04

The increase in obesity coupled with greater acceptance of the field of bariatric surgery has resulted in a substantial rise in the number of weight-loss operations.

Because obese individuals are at high risk for surgical complications, concern about the safety of bariatric procedures exists.

Earlier investigations of the clinical features associated with surgical complications have produced conflicting results.

Dr Edward Livingston and colleagues from Texas identified risk factors for surgical complications in US Veterans.

The research team analyzed data on 575 bariatric procedures performed at 12 Veterans' Affairs medical centers between 1998 and 2004.

74% of cases were men with a mean age of 51 years
Journal of the American College of Surgeons

Detailed pre-, intra-, and postoperative information and longterm mortality data were prospectively collected.

The team used the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program methodology to evaluate the data.

The researchers used multivariable logistic regression to identify clinical features associated with postoperative complications.

The team found that 74% of cases were men with a mean age of 51 years.

The researchers noted that 30-day mortality was 1%.

Overall complication rate was 1%.

Of those with complications, about 50% were of considerable clinical importance, as they were associated with prolonged length of stay.

The team observed that clinical features that were predictive of adverse events in superobesity, weight over 350 pounds, and smoking.

A more than 20 pack-year history of smoking was also associated with difficulty in weaning from a ventilator postoperatively.

Dr Livingston's team concludes, “We identified smoking and superobesity as preoperative risk factors associated with postoperative complications.”

“Future studies should examine the effect of preoperative weight loss and smoking cessation on bariatric procedure outcomes.”

J Am Coll Surg 2006: 203(5): 625-33
09 November 2006

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 24 May 2018 
Precision medicine for tumors
 24 May 2018 
Patient-reported outcome measures in IBD trials
 24 May 2018 
Alcohol consumption and outcomes in drug-induced liver injury
 23 May 2018 
High body mass index is and ulcerative colitis
 23 May 2018 
Management of perianal fistulas in Crohn’s disease
 23 May 2018 
Cardiovascular risk in diabetes mellitus with NAFLD
 22 May 2018 
Worldwide H.pylori prevalence
 22 May 2018 
PPI and risk of stroke
 22 May 2018 
Online tool predicts bowel dysfunction severity prior to anterior resection
 21 May 2018 
Fecal incontinence and quality of life in IBD
 21 May 2018 
PPI use and cognitive decline
 21 May 2018 
Depressive symptoms in IBD youth
 18 May 2018 
Esophageal dilatation in clinical practice 
 17 May 2018 
IBD and later extraintestinal manifestations
 17 May 2018 
Repeat stool DNA testing
 17 May 2018 
IBS and chronic fatigue following GI infection
 16 May 2018 
Factors associated with fecal incontinence
 16 May 2018 
Diagnostic delay in Crohn's disease
 16 May 2018 
Cardiovascular risk in diabetes mellitus with NAFLD
 15 May 2018 
Guidelines for management of Crohn's
 15 May 2018 
New therapies for CDI
 15 May 2018 
Hep B in the Grey Zone
 14 May 2018 
Blood test for the diagnosis of fibrotic NASH
 14 May 2018 
Outcomes at bariatric centers of excellence
 14 May 2018 
Management of perianal fistulas in Crohn’s
 11 May 2018 
Detection of undiagnosed celiac disease
 11 May 2018 
Alcohol consumption and drug-induced liver injury
 10 May 2018 
Colorectal cancer screening
 10 May 2018 
Post‐operative complications in elderly IBD
 10 May 2018 
Fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B
 09 May 2018 
Esophageal dilatation in clinical practice 
 09 May 2018 
Fecal incontinence
 09 May 2018 
Health problems and IBS
 07 May 2018 
Omitting antibiotics in uncomplicated acute diverticulitis
 07 May 2018 
Health problems and IBS
 07 May 2018 
Assessment of diminutive colorectal polyps
 04 May 2018 
Factors associated with fecal incontinence
 04 May 2018 
National Institutes of Health workshop and obesity
 04 May 2018 
Colorectal cancer screening and ethnic inequities
 03 May 2018 
Gastrointestinal ultrasound in IBD
 03 May 2018 
Ultransonography in postsurgical recurrence in Crohn's
 02 May 2018 
Hep C antiviral treatment and liver cancer risk
 02 May 2018 
Symptom assessment in cirrhotic ascites
 02 May 2018 
Chronic Hep B
 01 May 2018 
European guidelines on pancreatic cystic neoplasms
 01 May 2018 
Interferon‐free regimens in Hep C
 01 May 2018 
Age at IBD onset and extraintestinal complications
 30 April 2018 
Formula for preterm infants
 30 April 2018 
Primary antibiotic resistance and sequential therapy for H. pylori
 27 April 2018 
Eastern and western practices for endoscopic resection of colorectal lesions
 27 April 2018 
Anxiety scale for chronic esophageal disease
 27 April 2018 
Disease activity in eosinophilic esophagitis
 26 April 2018 
Obesity and physical activity in diverticulosis
 26 April 2018 
Primary sclerosing cholangitis in the USA
 25 April 2018 
Aspirin and pancreatic cancer
 25 April 2018 
Central mediators of irinotecan-induced steatohepatitis
 25 April 2018 
Neuroimaging in Hep C
 24 April 2018 
Scoring system identifies cancer risk in Barrett's
 24 April 2018 
Microbiome in athletes vs sedentary subjects
 23 April 2018 
Genome-wide study on HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2018 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us