A team from the University Hospital in Innsbruck, Austria, investigated the outcomes of surgical treatment of morbid obesity.
The researchers performed adjustable gastric banding on a series of 250 patients (200 women and 50 men) between January 1996 and December 1999.
|Following gastric banding, excess weight loss after 12 months was 72%.
|American Journal of Surgery|
Parameters evaluated included age, preoperative and postoperative body mass index (BMI), type of surgery, and intraoperative and postoperative complications.
Mean follow-up period was 12 months, and average preoperative weight was 135.5 kg (BMI 46.69).
The researchers found that the average total weight loss was 5.5 kg per month, reaching an average total of 35 kg after one year.
The excess weight loss after 12 months was 72%. Complications requiring re-operation occurred in 8.8%.
Dr Hermann Nehoda concluded on behalf of the group, "In the first year after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, weight reduction of the study population was excellent. Additionally, the complication rate was reasonable, with no mortalities."