Dr Marian Tanofsky-Kraff and colleagues assessed the impact of obesity on quality of life in black and white adolescents.
The researchers reported that 110 overweight and 34 nonoverweight adolescents and their parents completed measures of quality of life.
The team observed that overweight was associated with poorer adolescent-reported quality of life and parent reports of their children's quality of life.
The research team examined groups by weight status and race.
Overweight whites reported the greatest impairment on social/interpersonal, self-esteem, and physical appearance quality of life.
The team noted that parents of overweight blacks reported the poorest general health perceptions scores regarding their children.
The team detected interactions between body mass index z-score and race for social/interpersonal, self-esteem, and daily living.
|Body mass index z-score and race interactions occurred for social quality of life|
|Journal of Pediatrics|
Interactions between body mass index z-score and self-efficacy, self-regard, and physical appearance quality of life were also observed.
The researchers also found that higher body mass index in whites was associated with greater impairments in quality of life than in blacks.
Parents reported similar relations for their children.
Dr Tanofsky-Kraff's team commented, “According to adolescent and parent reports, overweight is associated with poorer quality of life in adolescence, regardless of race.”
“However, compared with overweight white adolescents, blacks report less impairment in quality of life.”
“Future research is required to determine whether differences in quality of life are predictive of treatment success.”