Help
Subscribe


GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy

 18 January 2018

Advanced search
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Hepatitis B virus infection in dialysis patients

The latest Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics reports that anti-Hep B core antibody is related to anti-Hep C antibody supporting shared modes of transmission, and the rate of anti-Hep B virus core antibody is higher in seropositive dialysis patients.

News image

fiogf49gjkf04

Occult Hepatitis B virus infection occurs in serum Hepatitis B surface antigen-negative patients with detectable Hepatitis B virus viraemia in serum.

The epidemiology and clinical significance of occult Hepatitis B virus infection remains controversial with only limited information about its prevalence in patients on long-term dialysis.

Dr Fabrizi and colleagues addressed the epidemiology of occult Hepatitis B infection in a large cohort of dialysis patients.

Occult Hepatitis B virus was absent in this study group of 213 patients
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics

The researchers screened a large cohort of 585 Italian chronic dialysis patients.

The research team tested from this population, 213 Hepatitis B virus surface antigen seronegative patients.

The team used Amplicor Hepatitis B virus Monitor Test to detect Hepatitis B virus viraemia, or virus-DNA, in serum.

The researchers found that occult Hepatitis B virus infection was absent in all patients.

Persistent Hepatitis B virus surface antigen carriage was less frequent than anti-Hepatitis B virus core antibody seropositive status in this study group.

The team observed that no dialysis patients seropositive for anti-Hepatitis B core antibody in serum had detectable Hepatitis B virus-DNA by polymerase chain reaction technology.

The researchers noted no significant association between abnormal biochemical liver tests and serum anti-Hepatitis B core antibody.

Nominal logistic regression analysis demonstrated an independent and significant relationship between anti-Hepatitis C antibody and anti-Hepatitis B virus core antibody in serum.

In addition, the research team found that the rate of seropositive patients for anti-Hepatitis B virus core antibody was higher among study patients than controls with normal renal function.

The difference between study patients and controls partially persisted after correction for demographic parameters, and viral markers.

Dr Fabrizi concludes, “Occult hepatitis B virus was absent in our study group.”

“Anti-Hepatitis B core antibody was significantly related to presence of anti-Hepatitis C antibody supporting shared modes of transmission.”

“Clinical studies based on molecular biology techniques provided with higher sensitivity are planned.”

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2005: 21(11):1341
07 June 2005

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 18 January 2018 
Sleeve gastrectomy vs Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
 18 January 2018 
Healthcare costs of liver cancer in the USA
 18 January 2018 
High-risk adenomas at colonoscopy
 17 January 2018 
“Weekend effect” in upper GI hemorrhage
 17 January 2018 
Gut dysbiosis and non-antibiotic prescription medications
 17 January 2018 
Reducing surgical infections in high-outlier colorectal unit
 16 January 2018 
Bundle of care in GI cancer surgery
 16 January 2018 
Anxiety about colonoscopy
 16 January 2018 
Thiopurines and colorectal neoplasia in IBD
 15 January 2018 
Risks of death after liver transplants for liver cancer
 15 January 2018 
Recent advances in hepatocellular carcinoma
 15 January 2018 
Ileostomy output using telemedicine
 12 January 2018 
Surveillance protocols after colorectal cancer resection
 12 January 2018 
Biologic therapy by pregnant women with IBD and infant vaccines
 12 January 2018 
Biologic therapies for IBD in the USA
 11 January 2018 
Genetic risk factors in GERD
 11 January 2018 
Predictor of colorectal adenoma
 11 January 2018 
Ectopic pregnancy in IBD 
 10 January 2018 
Fecal immunochemical tests for colorectal cancer screening
 10 January 2018 
Risk factors for advanced NAFLD
 10 January 2018 
Dyspepsia prevalence with gastroesophageal reflux–type symptoms
 09 January 2018 
Screening intervals for people with family histories of colorectal cancer
 09 January 2018 
Financial impact of colorectal cancer
 09 January 2018 
Current practice and future research in autoimmune hepatitis
 08 January 2018 
Reliability of the IBD index
 08 January 2018 
Improving prognosis in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis
 08 January 2018 
Aprepitant and nausea with gastroparesis
 05 January 2018 
Autoimmune pancreatitis and IBD
 05 January 2018 
Primary nonresponse to infliximab therapy
 05 January 2018 
Anesthesia assistance in outpatient colonoscopy
 04 January 2018 
Dietary polyphenols in the etiology of IBD
 04 January 2018 
Yoga vs low-FODMAP in IBS
 04 January 2018 
Local esophageal food allergen injections in eosinophilic esophagitis
 03 January 2018 
Population health management for IBD
 03 January 2018 
GERD in asthma and COPD
 03 January 2018 
Critical research gaps in colorectal cancer
 22 December 2017 
Costs of extrahepatic manifestations of Hep C
 22 December 2017 
Cholera vaccine and risk of death in colorectal cancer
 22 December 2017 
Colonoscopy after colorectal cancer resection
 21 December 2017 
Human oral microbiome and pancreatic cancer risk
 21 December 2017 
Health management for IBD
 21 December 2017 
PPI and Alzheimer's disease
 20 December 2017 
Management of abnormal liver blood tests
 20 December 2017 
Incidence of biopsy-verified celiac disease
 20 December 2017 
Osteoporotic fractures in Barrett's esophagus
 19 December 2017 
Alcohol abstinence and alcoholic hepatitis
 19 December 2017 
Family burden of pediatric Crohn's in the USA
 19 December 2017 
Early readmission in IBD patients
 18 December 2017 
Colorectal cancer mortality with low-risk adenomas at colonoscopy
 18 December 2017 
Disease activity indices in celiac disease
 18 December 2017 
Smoking behaviour predicted the risk of surgery in Crohn's
 15 December 2017 
Molecular classification of Crohn's disease
 15 December 2017 
Medical cannabinoid legalization policy and vomiting
 15 December 2017 
Inflammatory diet pattern and colorectal cancer risk
 14 December 2017 
PPIs and gastric cancer after H.pylori eradication
 14 December 2017 
H. pylori eradication therapies in countries with clarithromycin resistance
 13 December 2017 
Disease severity in NAFLD
 13 December 2017 
Tryptophan metabolism and IBD activity
 12 December 2017 
Risk factors in undiagnosed cirrhosis
 12 December 2017 
Monitored anesthesia care for outpatient GI endoscopy

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2018 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us