In this study, researchers compared the safety and clinical outcomes of enteral and parenteral nutrition in patients with acute pancreatitis.
The team searched Medline, Embase, the Cochrane controlled trials register, and citation reviews for relevant articles.
They identified 6 studies comparing enteral nutrition with parenteral nutrition in patients with acute pancreatitis.
The studies included a total of 263 participants.
The team evaluated the number of infections, complications other than infections, operative interventions, length of hospital stay, and mortality.
|Enteral nutrition was associated with a lower incidence of infection.|
|British Medical Journal|
The researchers found that enteral nutrition was associated with a significantly lower incidence of infections, reduced surgical interventions to control pancreatitis, and a reduced length of hospital stay.
The team did not identify any significant differences in mortality or non-infectious complications between the 2 groups of patients.
Prof. Paul Marik's team concluded, "Enteral nutrition should be the preferred route of nutritional support in patients with acute pancreatitis".