Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is the treatment of choice for end-stage liver disease of various etiologies.
In this study, doctors from Texas assessed health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in 88 male and 61 female patients before and after liver transplantation.
Patients completed questionnaires both before, and 1 and 2 years after OLT.
|In patients with > 12 years education, men scored higher than women.|
The questionnaire was developed specifically for OLT patients.
The doctors found that male recipients reported a higher degree of overall HRQOL than female recipients, both before and after OLT.
When they controlled for disparity in education between the sexes, the team found that among the less well educated, men and women scored similarly. However, among those with greater than 12 years education men scored higher than women.
In addition, employment findings revealed a higher percentage of men working before transplant and at 1-year post-OLT when compared with women.
However, at 2 years post-OLT, men and women had similar employment rates.
The team determined that male OLT recipients reported a higher level of overall HRQOL, both before and after liver transplantation.
Dr Terianne Cowling's team concluded, "Education appears to significantly affect HRQOL and may account for, at least in part, differences in reported HRQOL between male and female OLT recipients".