In this study, researchers from London, England, assessed 403 patients who underwent either open hernia repair or laparoscopic repair at 2 hospitals, between 1995 and 1996.
Of the 403 patients, 242 patients were reviewed after 5 years. Of these, 120 had open repair and 122 laparoscopic repair.
- open repair = 43%
- laparoscopic repair = 11%
|British Medical Journal|
The research team found that 43% of patients in the open repair group had complications, compared with 11% of the laparoscopic group.
Furthermore, numbness and groin pain were significantly reduced and the team found no serious complications in the laparoscopic group.
However, in the UK, the National Institute for Clinical Excellence recently recommended open repair as the preferred surgical procedure for hernias.
Dr Douek's team concluded, "Further studies are needed before any firm conclusions on the most appropriate technique are drawn".
"Until then, it is best to take the pragmatic approach and use the technique that a center is most familiar with".