Inflammatory bowel diseases may cause a severe impact on social life.
In this study, in the November issue of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, researchers assessed employment, chronic work disability, and sick leave in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
The research team sent postal questionnaires to 984 patients with IBD, as well as to 1504 controls.
They calculated age- and gender-adjusted employment and chronic work disability ratios and rates using indirect standardization.
For subjects in paid employment, the researchers analyzed the proportion who experienced an episode of sick leave and lost workdays.
The team used logistic regression to assess the contribution of age, gender, education, and course of disease.
|Sick leave per person per year:|
- Patients with IBD = 19
- Controls = 12
|Inflammatory Bowel Diseases|
They were able to analyze the results of 680 patients and 715 controls.
The research team discovered that for the entire group of patients, employment was 7% lower, when compared with the controls.
In addition, chronic work disability was 17% higher than expected.
For those subjects in paid employment, 62% experienced one or more episodes of sick leave during the past year. This compared to 53% of the controls.
The team found sick leave per person per year was 19 and 12 for patients and controls, respectively.
Relative to controls, the risk of chronic work disability was increased in younger and higher educated patients.
Dr Annelies Boonen’s team concluded that the, “Course of disease contributed to chronic work disability and sick leave”.
In addition, “IBD has a significant impact on labor force participation that is higher in Crohn’s Disease compared with ulcerative colitis and highest in younger and more highly educated patients”.