Adolescence is a vulnerable period for those afflicted with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
There is limited knowledge of factors influencing transition readiness in this population.
Dr Katrine Carlsen and colleagues determined whether self-efficacy, and resilience would be informative predictors of transition readiness independent of age.
Patients with IBD aged 16 to 23 years cared for in a pediatric setting were prospectively enrolled.
On entry, patients filled out the Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire (TRAQ); IBD Self-Efficacy Scale—Adolescent (IBD-SES-A); and the Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale.
The team collected demographic data and disease-specific information from the medical record, and by the provider.
|The IBD-SES-A predicted TRAQ, accounting for 16% of the variance|
|Inflammatory Bowel Diseases|
General linear modeling and autocorrelation were performed to investigate predictors of transition readiness.
The research team included 87 patients, with a median age of 19 years.
After controlling for age, the IBD-SES-A predicted TRAQ, accounting for 16% of the variance.
The team found that Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale also independently predicted TRAQ score, accounting for 9% of the variance.
The researchers noted that the IBD-SES-A and Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale were significantly auto correlated.
In the final predictive model, the team found that only IBD-SES-A was predictive of TRAQ."
"None of the patients' demographic, disease, or socioeconomic parameters informed transition readiness once self-efficacy, and resilience were considered."
Dr Carlsen's team commented, "This is the first study to identify a reliable predictor of transition readiness scores in adolescents with IBD that does not seem to be influenced by age."