Help
Subscribe


GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy

 22 June 2018

Advanced search
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Disparities in cancer mortality among counties in the USA

This week's issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association examined the trends and differences in cancer mortality rates among United States counties from 1980 to 2014.

News image

Cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and results in a high economic burden.

Dr Christopher Murray and colleagues estimated age-standardized mortality rates by US county from 29 cancers.

The team performed a population-based modeling study of deidentified death records from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), and population counts from the Census Bureau, the NCHS, and the Human Mortality Database from 1980 to 2014. 

Validated small area estimation models were used to estimate county-level mortality rates from 29 cancers, including the lip and oral cavity, nasopharynx, other pharynx, esophageal, stomach, colon and rectum, liver, gallbladder and biliary, and pancreatic.

The team's main outcomes were age-standardized cancer mortality rates by county, year, sex, and cancer type.

The research team found that a total of 19,511,910 cancer deaths were recorded in the United States between 1980 and 2014, including 2,484,476 due to colon and rectum cancer, 1,157,878 due to pancreatic cancer, and 487,518 due to liver cancer.

Liver cancer was high along the Texas-Mexico border
Journal of the American Medical Association
The researchers observed that cancer mortality decreased by 20% between 1980 and 2014, from 240 to 192 deaths per 100,000 population. 

There were large differences in the mortality rate among counties throughout the period.

The research team found that in 1980, cancer mortality ranged from 131 per 100?000 population in Summit County, Colorado, to 387 in North Slope Borough, Alaska, and in 2014 from 71 in Summit County, Colorado, to 503 in Union County, Florida. 

For many cancers, the team observed distinct clusters of counties with especially high mortality. 

The researchers report that the location of these clusters varied by type of cancer and were spread in different regions of the United States. 

For example, the team found that liver cancer was high along the Texas-Mexico border.

Dr Murray's team comments, "Cancer mortality declined overall in the United States between 1980 and 2014."

"Over this same period, there were important changes in trends, patterns, and differences in cancer mortality among US counties."

"These patterns may inform further research into improving prevention and treatment."

JAMA 2017; 317(4): 388-406
27 January 2017

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 31 May 2018 
Diagnostic for NAFLD  
 31 May 2018 
Bile acids and the risks for hepatotoxicity
 31 May 2018 
Rectal cancer female sexuality score
 30 May 2018 
Fungal dysbiosis in cirrhosis
 30 May 2018 
Placebo rates in ulcerative colitis trials
 30 May 2018 
Follow-up testing and colorectal cancer mortality
 29 May 2018 
Organ transplantation donors
 29 May 2018 
Novel therapies for IBD
 29 May 2018 
Helicobacter pylori infection to stomach cancer
 28 May 2018 
Mesalazine in ulcerative colitis
 28 May 2018 
Technology and management of digestive diseases
 28 May 2018 
Therapeutic strategies for HCV
 25 May 2018 
Post‐operative complications in elderly IBD
 25 May 2018 
Technology to increase colorectal cancer screening
 25 May 2018 
Colorectal cancer–specific mortality
 24 May 2018 
Alcohol consumption and outcomes in drug-induced liver injury
 24 May 2018 
Patient-reported outcome measures in IBD trials
 24 May 2018 
Precision medicine for tumors
 23 May 2018 
Management of perianal fistulas in Crohn’s disease
 23 May 2018 
Cardiovascular risk in diabetes mellitus with NAFLD
 23 May 2018 
High body mass index is and ulcerative colitis
 22 May 2018 
Worldwide H.pylori prevalence
 22 May 2018 
PPI and risk of stroke
 22 May 2018 
Online tool predicts bowel dysfunction severity prior to anterior resection
 21 May 2018 
PPI use and cognitive decline
 21 May 2018 
Depressive symptoms in IBD youth
 21 May 2018 
Fecal incontinence and quality of life in IBD
 18 May 2018 
Esophageal dilatation in clinical practice 
 17 May 2018 
IBD and later extraintestinal manifestations
 17 May 2018 
Repeat stool DNA testing
 17 May 2018 
IBS and chronic fatigue following GI infection
 16 May 2018 
Factors associated with fecal incontinence
 16 May 2018 
Diagnostic delay in Crohn's disease
 16 May 2018 
Cardiovascular risk in diabetes mellitus with NAFLD
 15 May 2018 
Guidelines for management of Crohn's
 15 May 2018 
New therapies for CDI
 15 May 2018 
Hep B in the Grey Zone
 14 May 2018 
Blood test for the diagnosis of fibrotic NASH
 14 May 2018 
Outcomes at bariatric centers of excellence
 14 May 2018 
Management of perianal fistulas in Crohn’s
 11 May 2018 
Detection of undiagnosed celiac disease
 11 May 2018 
Alcohol consumption and drug-induced liver injury
 10 May 2018 
Colorectal cancer screening
 10 May 2018 
Fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B
 09 May 2018 
Fecal incontinence
 09 May 2018 
Health problems and IBS
 09 May 2018 
Esophageal dilatation in clinical practice 
 07 May 2018 
Health problems and IBS
 07 May 2018 
Assessment of diminutive colorectal polyps
 07 May 2018 
Omitting antibiotics in uncomplicated acute diverticulitis
 04 May 2018 
National Institutes of Health workshop and obesity
 04 May 2018 
Factors associated with fecal incontinence
 04 May 2018 
Colorectal cancer screening and ethnic inequities
 03 May 2018 
Gastrointestinal ultrasound in IBD
 03 May 2018 
Ultransonography in postsurgical recurrence in Crohn's
 02 May 2018 
Chronic Hep B
 02 May 2018 
Hep C antiviral treatment and liver cancer risk
 02 May 2018 
Symptom assessment in cirrhotic ascites
 01 May 2018 
Interferon‐free regimens in Hep C
 01 May 2018 
European guidelines on pancreatic cystic neoplasms

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2018 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us