Help
Subscribe


All of GastroHep is now free access! - Click here to register Read For FREE - Our full range of review articles
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Guido Tytgat Profile of Pete Peterson Profile of Peter Cotton Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Zinc or albendazole attenuates the progression of environmental enteropathy

A study in the latest Clinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology evaluated the effects of zinc or albendazole on the progression of environmental enteropathy.

News image

Environmental enteropathy is a subclinical condition among children in the developing world, characterized by T-cell infiltration of the small-bowel mucosa and diffuse villous atrophy.

Environmental enteropathy leads to macronutrient and micronutrient malabsorption and stunting, with a resultant increased risk for infection and reduced cognitive development.

Dr Mark Manary and colleagues from Missouri, USA tested the hypothesis that zinc and albendazole treatments would reduce the severity of environmental enteropathy in rural African children.

In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in rural southern Malawi, asymptomatic children, 1 to 3 years old and at high risk for environmental enteropathy, received either a single dose of albendazole, a 14-day course of 20 mg zinc sulfate, or a placebo.

The mean baseline lactulose:mannitol was 0.32 among all children
Clinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Subjects were given the dual-sugar absorption test, and the ratio of lactulose to mannitol (L:M) in urine was used to determine the severity of environmental enteropathy at baseline, and 34 days after completion of the assigned regimen.

The primary outcome was the change in the L:M.

A complete set of urine samples was obtained from 222 of 234 children enrolled and analyzed.

The team found that the mean baseline L:M was 0.32 among all children, and did not differ among groups.

The researchers observed that at the end of the study, the L:M ratio had increased more in the placebo group than in the zinc group or the albendazole group.

Dr Manary's team comment,s "Treatment with zinc or albendazole protects against a significant increase in the L:M ratio, a biomarker for environmental enteropathy, in asymptomatic rural Malawian children."

"These findings could provide insight into the etiology and pathogenesis of environmental enteropathy."

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2014: 12(9): 1507–1513.e1
05 September 2014

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 30 March 2015

Advanced search
 30 March 2015 
Treatment of pediatric IBD
 30 March 2015 
Minimally invasive approach in colorectal procedures
 30 March 2015 
Prevalence of IBD in USA residents of Indian ancestry
 27 March 2015 
Screening for fecal incontinence
 27 March 2015 
Deep remission in Crohn's disease
 27 March 2015 
Sexual functioning in IBD
 26 March 2015 
Survival of untreated hepatocellular carcinoma
 26 March 2015 
Antimicrobial therapy in cirrhosis with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
 26 March 2015 
Metformin as a chemopreventive agent for Barrett's
 25 March 2015 
Genetics and Crohn's disease
 25 March 2015 
Mortality in Barrett’s–related T1 esophageal adenocarcinoma
 25 March 2015 
Cytomegalovirus and IBD
 24 March 2015 
Prevention of colorectal cancer after screening
 24 March 2015 
Functional GI disorders and body mass index
 24 March 2015 
Quality of life in children with fecal incontinence
 23 March 2015 
Fibrosis in NAFLD vs NASH
 23 March 2015 
The unmasking of Whipple's disease
 23 March 2015 
Predicting the quality of colon cancer care
 20 March 2015 
Interventions for eosinophilic esophagitis
 20 March 2015 
Colorectal cancer risk and genetic variants
 20 March 2015 
Screening for Barrett's esophagus
 19 March 2015 
Hypnotherapy for IBS
 19 March 2015 
Poor mental and physical health in HCV
 19 March 2015 
Dedicated care for diverticular disease
 18 March 2015 
Practice guidelines for colorectal polyps
 18 March 2015 
Out-of-hours endoscopy for upper GI bleeding
 18 March 2015 
H. pylori eradication and lipids
 17 March 2015 
H. pylori test-and-treat program and gastric cancer
 17 March 2015 
Adalimumab in Crohn’s disease
 17 March 2015 

Low-dose PPIs and GI bleeding in patients receiving aspirin

 16 March 2015 
Cholestasis of pregnancy with HCV
 16 March 2015 
Microscopic colitis
 16 March 2015 
Hybrid therapy for H. pylori
 13 March 2015 
Medicare patients and payments to gastroenterologists
 13 March 2015 
Appendectomy in ulcerative colitis
 13 March 2015 

Racial disparities in gluten-sensitive problems

 12 March 2015 
Predicting IBD in IBS patients
 12 March 2015 
Patient knowledge of IBS
 12 March 2015 
Nonceliac gluten sensitivity
 11 March 2015 

Prediction of malignant bile duct obstruction

 11 March 2015 
NAFLD–related hepatocellular carcinoma
 11 March 2015 
Assessment of eosinophilic esophagitis
 10 March 2015 
Risk for gastroesophageal reflux symptoms
 10 March 2015 
Poor disease course in pediatric ulcerative colitis
 10 March 2015 
Outcomes in Crohn's therapy
 09 March 2015 
Fibre usage in ulcerative colitis in remission
 09 March 2015 
Risk of C. difficile upon hospital admission
 09 March 2015 
Gastric Cancer detection during GI endosocopy
 06 March 2015 
Steroid therapy for eosinophilic esophagitis
 06 March 2015 
Second anti-TNF in IBD
 06 March 2015 
Efficacy of Hep E vaccine
 05 March 2015 
EPHXI polymorphism and esophageal cancer risk
 05 March 2015 
Infliximab and immunosuppressant therapy in ulcerative colitis
 05 March 2015 
Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the colon and rectum
 04 March 2015 
Multidisciplinary management of rectal cancer
 04 March 2015 
Management of IBD
 04 March 2015 
Progression of Barrett's
 03 March 2015 
EPHX1 polymorphism and esophageal cancer risk
 03 March 2015 
GI bleeding in chronic kidney disease patients on aspirin
 03 March 2015 
Risk of anastomotic leak after colectomy

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2015 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us