Help
Subscribe


GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy

 13 February 2016

Advanced search
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Zinc or albendazole attenuates the progression of environmental enteropathy

A study in the latest Clinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology evaluated the effects of zinc or albendazole on the progression of environmental enteropathy.

News image

Environmental enteropathy is a subclinical condition among children in the developing world, characterized by T-cell infiltration of the small-bowel mucosa and diffuse villous atrophy.

Environmental enteropathy leads to macronutrient and micronutrient malabsorption and stunting, with a resultant increased risk for infection and reduced cognitive development.

Dr Mark Manary and colleagues from Missouri, USA tested the hypothesis that zinc and albendazole treatments would reduce the severity of environmental enteropathy in rural African children.

In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in rural southern Malawi, asymptomatic children, 1 to 3 years old and at high risk for environmental enteropathy, received either a single dose of albendazole, a 14-day course of 20 mg zinc sulfate, or a placebo.

The mean baseline lactulose:mannitol was 0.32 among all children
Clinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Subjects were given the dual-sugar absorption test, and the ratio of lactulose to mannitol (L:M) in urine was used to determine the severity of environmental enteropathy at baseline, and 34 days after completion of the assigned regimen.

The primary outcome was the change in the L:M.

A complete set of urine samples was obtained from 222 of 234 children enrolled and analyzed.

The team found that the mean baseline L:M was 0.32 among all children, and did not differ among groups.

The researchers observed that at the end of the study, the L:M ratio had increased more in the placebo group than in the zinc group or the albendazole group.

Dr Manary's team comment,s "Treatment with zinc or albendazole protects against a significant increase in the L:M ratio, a biomarker for environmental enteropathy, in asymptomatic rural Malawian children."

"These findings could provide insight into the etiology and pathogenesis of environmental enteropathy."

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2014: 12(9): 1507–1513.e1
05 September 2014

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 12 February 2016 
Colorectal cancer after negative signoidoscopy
 12 February 2016 
Genetic factors and response to glucocorticoids in IBD
 12 February 2016 
Tobacco smoking and the natural history of Crohn’s
 11 February 2016 
Colorectal surgery training
 11 February 2016 
Liver disease unique to pregnancy
 11 February 2016 
Serous cystic neoplasm 
 10 February 2016 
NAFLD in Veterans in the USA
 10 February 2016 
Rectosigmoidoscopy vs colonoscopy in ulcerative colitis
 10 February 2016 
Liver cancer and primary biliary cirrhosis
 09 February 2016 
Bowel preparation for colonoscopy screening
 09 February 2016 
Eosinophilic esophagitis and parental allergies
 09 February 2016 
Cancer-specific prognosis in octogenarians with colorectal cancer
 08 February 2016 
Cancelled colonoscopy appointments
 08 February 2016 
Cognitive function in Crohn's disease
 08 February 2016 
Immunity in the human gut
 05 February 2016 
Treatment for ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for Crohn’s colitis
 05 February 2016 
Helicobacter cinaedi bacteremia
 05 February 2016 
Methotrexate and remission in ulcerative colitis
 04 February 2016 
Diabetes and liver cancer
 04 February 2016 
Colorectal cancer screening
 04 February 2016 
H. pylori and coronary heart disease 
 03 February 2016 
Acute diverticulitis and IBS 
 03 February 2016 
Microbiota of the colonic mucosa and chronic constipation
 03 February 2016 
Guidelines for chronic pancreatitis
 02 February 2016 
Ramosetron and IBS-diarrhea
 02 February 2016 
IBD emergency department visits
 02 February 2016 
Probiotics for H. pylori management
 01 February 2016 
Managing HBV in pregnancy
 01 February 2016 
Depressive symptoms in IBD 
 01 February 2016 
Obesity and hepatocellular carcinoma risk
 29 January 2016 
Colorectal cancer after colonoscopy
 29 January 2016 
Acute diverticulitis in immunosuppressed patients
 29 January 2016 
Vitamin D and colorectal cancer risk
 28 January 2016 
Tissue anti-TNF drug levels and IBD
 28 January 2016 
First line treatment of H. pylori infection
 28 January 2016 
Tetracycline for rosacea increases the risk of IBD
 27 January 2016 
Steroids in children with Crohn's
 27 January 2016 
Self-management IBS program 
 27 January 2016 
Human gut microbiome in IBD 
 26 January 2016 
Smoking and symptomatic diverticular disease
 26 January 2016 
Step-down therapy in PPI-responsive esophageal eosinophilia 
 26 January 2016 
Diet and IBD risk
 25 January 2016 
IBD monitoring using smartphones
 25 January 2016 
Self-management IBS program
 25 January 2016 
Colorectal cancer after a negative screening sigmoidoscopy
 22 January 2016 
Length of Barrett's and cancer
 22 January 2016 
Psychosocial interventions and alcohol abstinence in chronic liver disease
 22 January 2016 
Helicobacter pylori antibiotic resistance
 21 January 2016 
Increasing adenoma detection rate during colonoscope withdrawal
 21 January 2016 
Microscopic colitis current concepts
 21 January 2016 
Statins as a management strategy for constipation 
 20 January 2016 
Health status after bariatric surgery
 20 January 2016 
Hep E infection in West Africa
 20 January 2016 
Preventing endoscopic bacterial transmission
 19 January 2016 
PPIs and phlebotomy in hereditary hemochromatosis
 19 January 2016 
Predicting liver cirrhosis in Hep C
 19 January 2016 
Frozen vs fresh fecal microbiota transplantation
 18 January 2016 
Hospitalization for diverticulitis in the USA
 18 January 2016 
H. pylori and gastric cancer across Europe
 18 January 2016 
Enteral nutrition in children with Crohn's

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2016 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us