Help
Subscribe


All of GastroHep is now free access! - Click here to register Read For FREE - Our full range of review articles
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Guido Tytgat Profile of Pete Peterson Profile of Peter Cotton Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Optimal strategies for Hep B screening in younger and older patients

This month's issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine examines screening for Hepatitis B virus infection in adolescents and adults.

News image

Dr Roger Chou and colleagues updated the 2004 USPSTF review on screening for HBV infection in adolescents and adults.

The team searched MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and PsycINFO.

The researchers identified randomized trials of screening and treatment and observational studies of screening or the association between intermediate and clinical outcomes after antiviral therapy.

There was 1 investigator that abstracted data, and a second investigator checked them.

There were 2 investigators that independently assessed study quality.

No study directly evaluated the effects of screening for HBV infection versus no screening on clinical outcomes.

Vaccination against HBV infection was associated with decreased risk in high-risk populations.

On the basis of 11 primarily fair-quality trials, antiviral therapy may be more effective than placebo for reducing the risk for clinical outcomes associated with HBV infection.

However, differences were not statistically significant.

The research team observed that in 22 primarily fair-quality trials, antiviral therapy was more effective than placebo for various intermediate outcomes, with limited evidence that first-line antiviral agents are superior to lamivudine.

The team found that antiviral therapy was associated with a higher risk for withdrawal due to adverse events than placebo, but risk for serious adverse events did not differ.

Dr Chou's team comments, "Antiviral treatment for chronic HBV infection is associated with improved intermediate outcomes, but more research is needed to understand the effects of screening and subsequent interventions on clinical outcomes, and to identify optimal screening strategies."

Ann Intern Med 2014;161(1):31-45
16 July 2014

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 22 October 2014

Advanced search
 22 October 2014 
Early-TIPSS placement prevents rebleeding
 22 October 2014 
Liver fibrosis prognostic biomarkers in type-2 diabetes
 22 October 2014 
H pylori eradication with multiple drug resistance
 21 October 2014 
Alcohol and Barrett's
 21 October 2014 
Scoring systems for critically ill cirrhotic patients
 21 October 2014 
Aspirin and NAFLD
 20 October 2014 
Adalimumab in secondary loss of response in Crohn's
 20 October 2014 
Drug resistant H pylori eradication
 20 October 2014 
Omega-3 and colorectal cancer
 17 October 2014 
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors and pregnancy in IBD
 17 October 2014 
Colorectal testing utilization
 17 October 2014 
Fecal microbiota composition in postinfectious IBS
 16 October 2014 
Risk of Barrett's esophagus
 16 October 2014 
Aspirin tablets and colorectal tumours
 16 October 2014 
Economic impact of IBS
 15 October 2014 
Achieving competency at colonoscopy
 15 October 2014 
Preparation for surgery in Crohn's
 15 October 2014 
Bowel preparations
 14 October 2014 
Colorectal testing utilization in commercially insured US adults
 14 October 2014 
Sustained response to infliximab
 14 October 2014 
IBD management during pregnancy
 13 October 2014 
Predicting PPI response in GERD-related cough
 13 October 2014 
Probiotics in IBS
 13 October 2014 
Use of azathioprine in IBD
 10 October 2014 
NAFLD in the Veterans Administration population
 10 October 2014 
Liver injury from herbals and dietary supplements
 10 October 2014 
Predictors for cecal insertion time
 09 October 2014 
Methotrexate-related liver disease and metabolic syndrome
 09 October 2014 
Biomarkers of acetaminophen overdose patients
 09 October 2014 
Postoperative adhesions in digestive surgery
 08 October 2014 
Gluten introduction in high risk children
 08 October 2014 
Vitamin D and HCC
 08 October 2014 
Feeding intervention in celiac disease infants
 07 October 2014 
Infliximab in pediatric perianal Crohn's
 07 October 2014 
Omega-3 and NAFLD
 07 October 2014 
Endoscopic submucosal dissection in the colorectum 
 06 October 2014 
Clinical indications for computed tomographic colonography
 06 October 2014 
Certolizumab pegol in the treatment of Crohn's
 06 October 2014 
Costs of telaprevir therapy for Hep C
 03 October 2014 
Depression and liver transplantation
 03 October 2014 
Orange juice intake during bowel preparation
 03 October 2014 
HCV and diabetes
 02 October 2014 
Predictive model of Hep C disease progression
 02 October 2014 
IPAA with or without preoperative radiation
 02 October 2014 
Person-to-person transmission of norovirus
 01 October 2014 
Prevention of postop Crohn's
 01 October 2014 
Cecal intubation time during colonoscopy
 01 October 2014 
Anti-TNFa therapies during pregnancy in IBD
 30 September 2014 
Autoimmune hepatitis
 30 September 2014 
Medication use in patients with chronic Hep C
 30 September 2014 
Gastric cancer according to H pylori infection status
 29 September 2014 
Drug exposure and microscopic colitis
 29 September 2014 
Peptic ulcer bleeding after PPI treatment
 29 September 2014 
Intestinal tuberculosis vs Crohn's disease
 26 September 2014 
5-aminosalicylates for the treatment of Crohn's
 26 September 2014 
Response to infliximab in paediatric perianal Crohn's
 26 September 2014 
Ondansetron for IBS with diarrhea
 25 September 2014 
Medical treatment and surgery rates in IBD
 25 September 2014 
Liver transplants for liver cancer
 25 September 2014 
Colorectal neoplasia among family members of patients with colorectal cancer

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2014 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us