Help
Subscribe


Submit Videos to GastroHep Read For FREE - Our full range of review articles
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Guido Tytgat Profile of Pete Peterson Profile of Peter Cotton Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Patients who avoid wheat or gluten in the absence of celiac disease

A study in this month's issue of Digestive Diseases and Sciences examines the characteristics of patients who avoid wheat and/or gluten in the absence of celiac disease.

News image

Gastrointestinal symptoms that respond to the removal of wheat and/or gluten are becoming more common.

Patients who avoid wheat and/or gluten are a heterogeneous group and predominantly self-diagnosed prior to presenting for clinical evaluation.

Dr Anna Tavakkoli and colleagues characterized patients who avoid wheat and/or gluten seen at a tertiary care referral center, and compared them to patients with celiac disease, and subjects in the National Health and Nutrition examination survey (NHANES).

The team performed a cross-sectional study evaluating patients seen by 4 gastroenterologists at a celiac disease referral center.

Baseline characteristics, laboratory values, and medical comorbidities were compared to celiac disease patients who presented at the same center and subjects enrolled in NHANES.
32 alternative diagnoses were made in 30% of patients  
Digestive Diseases & Sciences

The researchers identified 84 patients who avoid wheat and/or gluten compared to 585 celiac disease patients and 2,686 NHANES patients.

The team noted that 32 alternative diagnoses were made in 30% of patients who avoid wheat and/or gluten, including small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and fructose/lactose intolerance.

When compared to patients with celiac disease, patients who avoid wheat and/or gluten had similar body mass index, and mean hemoglobin value.

The team observed that when compared to male and female patients in NHANES, BMI, folate, and mean hemoglobin values were lower in patients who avoid wheat and/or gluten.

Both male and female patients who avoid wheat and/or gluten had a lower prevalence of hypertension.

Dr Tavakkoli's team concludes, "While there are similarities between celiac disease and patients who avoid wheat and/or gluten that could possibly be due to shared HLA haplotypes or an effect of the gluten-free diet, alternative diagnoses are common in these patients."

"Patients who avoid wheat and/or gluten have a similar cardiovascular profile as celiac disease patients in terms of lower BMI and lower prevalence of hypertension."

Dig Dis Sci 2014: 59(6): 1255-1261
20 June 2014

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 20 August 2014

Advanced search
 20 August 2014 
Stool methylated DNA markers and colorectal cancer resection
 20 August 2014 
Rectal surgery mortality
 20 August 2014 
Chemotherapy-induced gastrointestinal mucositis
 19 August 2014 
Recurrent C. difficile infection in out-patients
 19 August 2014 
Racial disparities and colon cancer
 19 August 2014 
Variability of colonoscopy preparation instructions
 18 August 2014 
The evolution of urban C. difficile
 18 August 2014 
Metabolomic analysis in IBD
 18 August 2014 
Enhanced T-cell response in acute-on-chronic Hep B
 15 August 2014 
Abdominal pain in IBS
 15 August 2014 
Gene expression biomarker in ulcerative colitis
 15 August 2014 
Population-based fecal immunochemical test screening
 14 August 2014 
Transnasal vs transoral endoscopy
 14 August 2014 
Radiation exposure in gastroenterology
 14 August 2014 
Dietary fibre and diverticular disease
 13 August 2014 
Adherence to Rome criteria in functional dyspepsia
 13 August 2014 
Fecal immunochemical test screening
 13 August 2014 
Flexible sigmoidoscopy screening
 12 August 2014 
Eosinophilic esophagitis and celiac disease
 12 August 2014 
Management of Lynch syndrome
 12 August 2014 
Risk of cancer under immunosuppressive therapy in IBD
 11 August 2014 
Gut microbiota in chemotherapy-induced GI mucositis
 11 August 2014 
Risk of GI bleeds with anticoagulants
 11 August 2014 
Social media in health-care
 08 August 2014 
Surgeon volume and esophagectomy survival
 08 August 2014 
Endoscopy nurse-administered propofol sedation performance
 08 August 2014 
Therapy for biliary tract cancer
 07 August 2014 
Smoking cessation and age of onset of ulcerative colitis
 07 August 2014 
Global consensus on perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease
 07 August 2014 
Colonoscopy length and training duration
 06 August 2014 
Hepatitis C virus infection in the United States
 06 August 2014 
Pediatric to adult IBD care
 06 August 2014 
Biomarker of disease activity in IBD
 05 August 2014 
Rising incidence of celiac disease
 05 August 2014 
Socioeconomic status and IBS
 05 August 2014 
Bowel dysfunction after sphincter-preserving rectal cancer surgery
 04 August 2014 
Relative adrenal insufficiency and chronic liver disease
 04 August 2014 
Colonoscopy screening protocol for liver transplant recipients
 04 August 2014 
Patient-reported outcomes after upper GI bleed
 01 August 2014 
Capsule colonoscopy vs CT colonography for polyp screening
 01 August 2014 
Complications after obesity surgery
 01 August 2014 
Fully covered self-expanding metal stents for benign biliary strictures
 31 July 2014 
Diverticular disease and colon cancer
 31 July 2014 
Biomarkers in liver fibrosis
 31 July 2014 
Risk factors of large colorectal polyps
 30 July 2014 
Interval between screening colonoscopies
 30 July 2014 
Small intestinal permeability in diarrhea predominant IBS
 30 July 2014 
Mineral rich water and constipation
 29 July 2014 
Fluticasone in eosinophilic esophagitis
 29 July 2014 
Causes of GI bleeding in cirrhosis
 29 July 2014 
ALT increases in Hep B
 28 July 2014 
Statins reduce Barrett's
 28 July 2014 
Score predicts risk for Barrett’s esophagus
 28 July 2014 
Gastric cancer prevention
 25 July 2014 
De-escalation of therapy in IBD
 25 July 2014 
Bionic pancreas in type 1 diabetes
 25 July 2014 
Primary care physician counselling and colonoscopy
 24 July 2014 
Diagnostic tool for obscure-overt GI bleeding
 24 July 2014 
Statin use and Barrett’s esophagus
 24 July 2014 
Atopy and functional GI disorders

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2014 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us