Help
Subscribe


All of GastroHep is now free access! - Click here to register Read For FREE - Our full range of review articles
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Guido Tytgat Profile of Pete Peterson Profile of Peter Cotton Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

BMI influences postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing proctectomy for rectal cancer

The latest issue of the Diseases of Colon & Rectum evaluates the impact of BMI on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing protectomy for rectal cancer.

News image

There is a mounting body of evidence that suggests worsened postoperative outcomes at the extremes of BMI, yet few studies investigate this relationship in patients undergoing proctectomy for rectal cancer.

Dr Radhika Smith and colleagues examined the relationship between BMI and short-term outcomes after proctectomy for cancer.

The team performed a retrospective study comparing the outcomes of patients undergoing proctectomy for rectal cancer as they relate to BMI.

The American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried for this study.

Patients included were those who underwent proctectomy for rectal neoplasm between 2005 and 2011.

Patients with a BMI <20 kg/m2 had significantly increased rates of sepsis
Diseases of the Colon & Rectum

Study end points included 30-day mortality and overall morbidity, including the receipt of blood transfusion, venous thromboembolic disease, wound dehiscence, renal failure, reintubation, cardiac complications, readmission, reoperation, and infectious complications.

Univariate logistic regression was used to analyze differences among patients of varying BMI ranges.

When significant differences were found, multivariable logistic regression, adjusting for preoperative demographic and clinical variables, was performed.

The team analyzed a total of 11,995 patients.

The incidences of overall morbidity, wound infection, urinary tract infection, venous thromboembolic event, and sepsis were highest in those patients with a BMI of =35 kg/m2.

The researchers found that wound dehiscence was also significantly more common in heavier patients.

Patients with a BMI <20 kg/m2 had significantly increased rates of mortality and sepsis.

Dr Smith's team concludes, "Obese and underweight patients undergoing proctectomy for neoplasm are at a higher risk for postoperative complications and death."

Dis Colon Rectum 2014: 57(6): 687–693
02 June 2014

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 02 September 2014

Advanced search
 02 September 2014 
Eosinophilic esophagitis in adults
 02 September 2014 
SSRIs and depression in Hep C
 02 September 2014 
Bariatric surgery for obesity
 01 September 2014 
Genetic variants in alcoholic liver disease
 01 September 2014 
Fecal hemoglobin and colorectal cancer screening
 01 September 2014 
Risks with anti-TNF in pediatric IBD
 29 August 2014 
NSAID-induced small intestinal injury and diaphragm disease
 29 August 2014 
Symptom evaluation in functional dyspepsia
 29 August 2014 
Gluten-free diet for asymptomatic celiac disease
 28 August 2014 
Detection of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms
 28 August 2014 
Colorectal-cancer mortality after adenoma removal
 28 August 2014 
Predictoris of C. diff in out-patients
 27 August 2014 
Endoscopy outcomes in community hospital vs tertiary academic centers
 27 August 2014 
UV exposure and IBD hospitalizations
 27 August 2014 
Hepatocellular carcinoma screening in liver disease
 26 August 2014 
NAFLD and gastroesophageal reflux symptoms
 26 August 2014 
Adalimumab-treated patients with ulcerative colitis
 26 August 2014 
Wound healing after abdominoperineal resection
 25 August 2014 
Surgical management of rectourethral fistulas
 25 August 2014 
Biomarker analysis in biopsies for ulcerative colitis
 25 August 2014 
Ileocolic resection in Crohn's disease
 22 August 2014 
Outlier identification in colorectal surgery
 22 August 2014 
Endoscopic submucosal dissection for squamous esophageal cancer
 22 August 2014 
Adherence to Rome criteria in functional dyspepsia trials
 21 August 2014 
Screening for Barrett’s esophagus
 21 August 2014 
Colorectal cancer mortality in Brazil
 21 August 2014 
Eosinophilic esophagitis
 20 August 2014 
Rectal surgery mortality
 20 August 2014 
Chemotherapy-induced gastrointestinal mucositis
 20 August 2014 
Stool methylated DNA markers and colorectal cancer resection
 19 August 2014 
Recurrent C. difficile infection in out-patients
 19 August 2014 
Racial disparities and colon cancer
 19 August 2014 
Variability of colonoscopy preparation instructions
 18 August 2014 
The evolution of urban C. difficile
 18 August 2014 
Metabolomic analysis in IBD
 18 August 2014 
Enhanced T-cell response in acute-on-chronic Hep B
 15 August 2014 
Abdominal pain in IBS
 15 August 2014 
Gene expression biomarker in ulcerative colitis
 15 August 2014 
Population-based fecal immunochemical test screening
 14 August 2014 
Transnasal vs transoral endoscopy
 14 August 2014 
Radiation exposure in gastroenterology
 14 August 2014 
Dietary fibre and diverticular disease
 13 August 2014 
Fecal immunochemical test screening
 13 August 2014 
Adherence to Rome criteria in functional dyspepsia
 13 August 2014 
Flexible sigmoidoscopy screening
 12 August 2014 
Eosinophilic esophagitis and celiac disease
 12 August 2014 
Management of Lynch syndrome
 12 August 2014 
Risk of cancer under immunosuppressive therapy in IBD
 11 August 2014 
Gut microbiota in chemotherapy-induced GI mucositis
 11 August 2014 
Risk of GI bleeds with anticoagulants
 11 August 2014 
Social media in health-care
 08 August 2014 
Endoscopy nurse-administered propofol sedation performance
 08 August 2014 
Therapy for biliary tract cancer
 08 August 2014 
Surgeon volume and esophagectomy survival
 07 August 2014 
Global consensus on perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease
 07 August 2014 
Smoking cessation and age of onset of ulcerative colitis
 07 August 2014 
Colonoscopy length and training duration
 06 August 2014 
Hepatitis C virus infection in the United States
 06 August 2014 
Pediatric to adult IBD care
 06 August 2014 
Biomarker of disease activity in IBD

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2014 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us