A strong association between family function and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) has been observed.
Parental rearing styles, as a comprehensive mark for family function, may provide new clues to the etiology of IBS.
Professor Xiaohua Hou and colleagues from China explored which dimensions of parental rearing styles were risk factors or protective factors for IBS in adolescents.
The researchers recruited 2320 adolescents from one middle school, and one high school randomly selected from Jiangan District.
Data were collected using 2 Chinese versions of validated self-report questionnaires including the Rome III diagnostic criteria for pediatric IBS and the Egna Minnen Beträffande Uppfostran: One's Memories of Upbringing for perceived parental rearing styles.
The research team compared 96 subjects diagnosed as pediatric IBS with 1618 controls.
|Maternal overinterference were independent risk factors for IBS in adolescents|
|Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology|
The IBS patients reported less both paternal and maternal emotional warmth, and more both paternal and maternal punishment, overinterference, rejection, and overprotection than the controls.
The researchers found that the IBS patients had higher total scores of parental rearing styles than the controls.
With univariate logistic regression, standardized regression coefficients and odds ratios of parental rearing variables were calculated.
The team revealed that paternal rejection, and maternal overinterference were independent risk factors for IBS in adolescents.
Professor Hou's team concludes, "Parental emotional warmth is a protective factor for IBS in adolescents and parental punishment, overinterference, rejection, and overprotection are risk factors for IBS in adolescents."