Help
Subscribe


GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy

 05 February 2016

Advanced search
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Linaclotide for the management of irritable bowel syndrome with constipation

This month's publication of Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics examines the use of linaclotide for the management of irritable bowel syndrome with constipation

News image

Irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C) represents a significant burden to patients and healthcare systems due to its prevalence and lack of successful symptomatic resolution with established treatment options.

Linaclotide 290 μg has recently been approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for moderate-to-severe IBS-C and by the US Food and Drug Administration for IBS-C (290 μg dose) and for chronic constipation (145 μg dose).

Drs Layer and Stanghellini from Germany summarized data leading to the approval of linaclotide for IBS-C, with focus on EMA-pre-specified outcome measures.

Literature search of a peer-review database (PubMed) and review of congress abstracts on linaclotide preclinical and clinical trial data in IBS-C.

The most frequent side effect, diarrhea, results from the therapeutic action of linaclotide
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics

Preclinical studies suggest that the guanylate cyclase C agonist (GCCA) linaclotide acts through elevation of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) levels, leading to accelerated gastrointestinal (GI) transit through increased fluid secretion and reduced visceral hypersensitivity.

Clinical trial data demonstrate that linaclotide improves abdominal symptoms (pain, bloating) and bowel symptoms (constipation) compared with placebo in patients with IBS-C.

The researchers found that the most frequent side effect, diarrhea, results from the therapeutic action of linaclotide.

The team observed that linaclotide acts locally in the GI tract with minimal systemic exposure, resulting in low oral bioavailability, and thus a low risk of relevant systemic adverse effects.

Dr Layer and colleague concludes, "Linaclotide, a first-in-class GCCA, is a promising new drug with a novel, dual mechanism of action that, unlike more well-established agents, can relieve the abdominal pain, bloating and constipation associated with IBS-C and has a low propensity for systemic side effects."

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2014: 39(4): 371–384
04 February 2014

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 05 February 2016 
Methotrexate and remission in ulcerative colitis
 05 February 2016 
Helicobacter cinaedi bacteremia
 05 February 2016 
Treatment for ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for Crohn’s colitis
 04 February 2016 
Diabetes and liver cancer
 04 February 2016 
Colorectal cancer screening
 04 February 2016 
H. pylori and coronary heart disease 
 03 February 2016 
Acute diverticulitis and IBS 
 03 February 2016 
Microbiota of the colonic mucosa and chronic constipation
 03 February 2016 
Guidelines for chronic pancreatitis
 02 February 2016 
Ramosetron and IBS-diarrhea
 02 February 2016 
IBD emergency department visits
 02 February 2016 
Probiotics for H. pylori management
 01 February 2016 
Managing HBV in pregnancy
 01 February 2016 
Depressive symptoms in IBD 
 01 February 2016 
Obesity and hepatocellular carcinoma risk
 29 January 2016 
Colorectal cancer after colonoscopy
 29 January 2016 
Acute diverticulitis in immunosuppressed patients
 29 January 2016 
Vitamin D and colorectal cancer risk
 28 January 2016 
Tissue anti-TNF drug levels and IBD
 28 January 2016 
First line treatment of H. pylori infection
 28 January 2016 
Tetracycline for rosacea increases the risk of IBD
 27 January 2016 
Steroids in children with Crohn's
 27 January 2016 
Self-management IBS program 
 27 January 2016 
Human gut microbiome in IBD 
 26 January 2016 
Smoking and symptomatic diverticular disease
 26 January 2016 
Step-down therapy in PPI-responsive esophageal eosinophilia 
 26 January 2016 
Diet and IBD risk
 25 January 2016 
IBD monitoring using smartphones
 25 January 2016 
Self-management IBS program
 25 January 2016 
Colorectal cancer after a negative screening sigmoidoscopy
 22 January 2016 
Length of Barrett's and cancer
 22 January 2016 
Psychosocial interventions and alcohol abstinence in chronic liver disease
 22 January 2016 
Helicobacter pylori antibiotic resistance
 21 January 2016 
Increasing adenoma detection rate during colonoscope withdrawal
 21 January 2016 
Microscopic colitis current concepts
 21 January 2016 
Statins as a management strategy for constipation 
 20 January 2016 
Health status after bariatric surgery
 20 January 2016 
Hep E infection in West Africa
 20 January 2016 
Preventing endoscopic bacterial transmission
 19 January 2016 
PPIs and phlebotomy in hereditary hemochromatosis
 19 January 2016 
Predicting liver cirrhosis in Hep C
 19 January 2016 
Frozen vs fresh fecal microbiota transplantation
 18 January 2016 
Hospitalization for diverticulitis in the USA
 18 January 2016 
H. pylori and gastric cancer across Europe
 18 January 2016 
Enteral nutrition in children with Crohn's
 15 January 2016 
Alcohol- and HCV-related hepatocellular carcinoma
 15 January 2016 
Recurrent colonic diverticulitis
 15 January 2016 
Colonic diverticula and colorectal cancer risk
 14 January 2016 
Risk stratification of incidentally discovered gallstones
 14 January 2016 
Treatment of refractory cholestatic pruritus
 14 January 2016 
Colonic diverticula and colorectal cancer risk 
 13 January 2016 
C-section delivery and IBD risk
 13 January 2016 
Primary biliary cholangitis treatment with incomplete UDCA response
 13 January 2016 
Colon cancer screening rates 
 12 January 2016 
Eosinophilic esophagitis endoscopic reference score
 12 January 2016 
Web-based tool for Crohn's disease
 12 January 2016 
IBD patients willingnes to accept medication risk
 11 January 2016 
HCV and increased cardiovascular mortality
 11 January 2016 
Urinary tract cancers in IBD
 11 January 2016 
Race and eosinophilic esophagitis

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2016 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us