Help
Subscribe


Submit Videos to GastroHep Read For FREE - Our full range of review articles
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Guido Tytgat Profile of Pete Peterson Profile of Peter Cotton Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Bisphosphonate reduce the risk of vertebral fractures in low bone mineral density patients with IBD

A study in the latest issue of the Clinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology examines the efficacy and safety of medical therapy for low bone mineral density in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

News image

Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at risk for osteoporosis and fracture.

However, the efficacy of medical treatments for osteoporosis in increasing bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with IBD has not been well characterized.

Drs John Melek and Atsushi Sakuraba from Illinois, USA conducted a meta-analysis and systematic review of controlled trials to evaluate the efficacy and safety of medical therapies used for low BMD in patients with IBD.

The research team searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google scholar, the University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN) Clinical Trials Registry, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for studies that assessed the efficacy of medical treatment for low BMD in patients with IBD.

The team also manually searched abstracts from scientific meetings and bibliographies of identified articles for additional references.

Fluoride increased lumbar spine bone mineral density
Clinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology

The primary outcome assessed was changes in BMD at the lumbar spine.

The researchers also collected data on hip BMD, numbers of new fractures, and adverse effects.

Data were pooled by using random-effects models and by mixed-effects analysis for primary aims, when subgroup analysis by individual drug was possible.

The team analyzed data from 19 randomized controlled studies, of which 2 used calcium and vitamin D as therapies, 13 used bisphosphonates, 4 used fluoride, 1 used calcitonin, and 1 used low-impact exercise.

The researchers found that the pooled effect of bisphosphonates was greater than that of controls in increasing BMD at the lumbar spine and hip with comparable tolerability, and the risk of vertebral fractures was reduced.

The team noted that fluoride increased lumbar spine BMD, but its ability to reduce risk of fracture was unclear.

There was no evidence that the other interventions increased BMD.

Dr Melek and colleague concludes, "On the basis of a meta-analysis, bisphosphonate is effective and well tolerated for the treatment of low BMD in patients with IBD and reduces the risk of vertebral fractures."

"There are insufficient data to support the efficacy of calcium and vitamin D, fluoride, calcitonin, or low-impact exercise."

"However, the small number of randomized controlled trials limited our meta-analysis."

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2014: 12(1): 32-44.e5
08 January 2014

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 30 January 2015

Advanced search
 30 January 2015 
HIV-associated NAFLD and primary NAFLD
 30 January 2015 
Narcotic use in children with IBD
 30 January 2015 
Removal of rectal neoplasms
 29 January 2015 
Pyloric compliance in gastroparesis
 29 January 2015 
Gastric cancer in peptic ulcer disease
 29 January 2015 
Genetics and risk of Barrett's
 28 January 2015 
Metabolic syndrome in celiac disease
 28 January 2015 
Remission in Crohn's disease
 28 January 2015 
Surgery and quality of life in rectal cancer
 27 January 2015 
Outcomes for liver transplantation
 27 January 2015 
Psychological distress and fecal composition in IBS
 27 January 2015 
Risk of upper GI cancers in GERD
 26 January 2015 
Breath analysis for IBD
 26 January 2015 
Fecal microbiota transplantation
 26 January 2015 
Antidepressants and GERD
 23 January 2015 
Liver transplant outcomes
 23 January 2015 
Breath analysis in IBD
 23 January 2015 
Fecal microbiota transplantation
 22 January 2015 
NASH and lipid improvements
 22 January 2015 
NAFLD and NASH with psoriasis
 22 January 2015 
Predicting outcomes in HCV-related advanced liver disease
 21 January 2015 
Colon capsule versus CT colonography
 21 January 2015 
Barrett's esophagus screening in the community
 21 January 2015 
Portal vein obstruction
 20 January 2015 
Modulating mucosal damage in Crohn's
 20 January 2015 
Novel techniques for Barrett's screening
 20 January 2015 
Food intolerance
 19 January 2015 
Treatment of fecal incontinence
 19 January 2015 
Hepatic cyst infection
 19 January 2015 
Risk of IBS among relatives
 16 January 2015 
Colorectal cancer screening uptake
 16 January 2015 
NAFLD and NASH in patients with psoriasis
 16 January 2015 
Fecal incontinence
 15 January 2015 
Coffee intake and liver disease
 15 January 2015 
NAFLD in primary care practice
 15 January 2015 
Management of univestigated dyspepsia
 14 January 2015 
Missed colorectal cancers after colonoscopy with polypectomy
 14 January 2015 
Inflixmab response in Crohn's
 14 January 2015 
Statins and liver injury in chronic liver disease
 13 January 2015 
Cytomegalovirus in IBD
 13 January 2015 
Helicobacter-negative gastritis
 13 January 2015 
Hep B vaccine in IBD
 12 January 2015 
Survival in Hep B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma
 12 January 2015 
Relapse of Crohn's disease after surgery
 12 January 2015 
Late liver metastases of colorectal cancer
 09 January 2015 
Fecal microbiota transplantation for refractory Crohn's
 09 January 2015 
Hypercoagulability after liver resection
 09 January 2015 
Naps and gastroesophageal reflux vs nocturnal sleep
 08 January 2015 
Post-infectious functional dyspepsia
 08 January 2015 
Diagnosis of liver iron overload
 08 January 2015 
Digestive tract damage in Crohn's disease
 07 January 2015 
Early-onset colorectal cancer
 07 January 2015 
SSRIs for noncardiac chest pain
 07 January 2015 
SSRIs and upper GI bleeds
 06 January 2015 
Detection of inflammation in Crohn's
 06 January 2015 
Leptin and early-onset extreme obesity
 06 January 2015 
Goals of IBD treatment
 19 December 2014 
Thiopurine treatment and colectomy in ulcerative colitis
 19 December 2014 
Idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating disease in IBD
 19 December 2014 
Colorectal cancer risk for first-degree relatives

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2015 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us