Dr Sigala Levy and colleagues compared perceptions of patients and gastroenterologists regarding irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
The Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised was sent to 150 randomly selected hospital-based and community-based gastroenterologists nationwide.
Participants were instructed to refer their responses to either IBS or IBD.
Patients were recruited during a regular visit to the Gastroenterology Department of a tertiary medical center and completed the same questionnaire.
Findings were analyzed according to illness and group.
Questionnaires were returned by 55 physicians and 58 patients.
|Physicians stated that psychological attributes play a greater causative role in IBS|
|European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology|
The team observed that physicians and patients stated that IBD has more severe consequences and benefits more from medical treatment, and that patient coherence is higher for IBD than IBS.
The researchers found that physicians stated that psychological attributes and accidents/injuries play a greater causative role in IBS than in IBD.
Conversely, the team noted that patients found no such difference.
More patients than physicians attributed both illnesses to risk factors.
The research team reported that both groups believed that the immune system is a more important causative factor in IBD than IBS.
Dr Levy's team concludes, "The different views of gastroenterologists and patients in terms of the involvement of psychological attributes, risk factors, and accidents/injuries in IBD and IBS could affect the patient–health provider relationship and adversely impact treatment outcome."