Help
Subscribe


GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy

 01 May 2016

Advanced search
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Anthropometric predictors of mortality in undernourished adults

The latest issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition investigates anthropometric predictors of mortality in undernourished adults in the Ajiep Feeding Programme.

News image

Various nutritional assessment tools are available to assess adult undernutrition, but few are practical in poorly served areas of low-income countries.

Dr Abel Irena and colleagues assessed the relation between midupper arm circumference, weight, body mass index, and clinical assessment for edema in predicting mortality in adults with severe acute undernutrition.

The research team analyzed demographic and anthropometric data that were collected in an observational study of 197 adults.

Participants were aged 18–59 years, and were admitted to a therapeutic feeding center in Ajiep, Southern Sudan, during the height of the 1998 famine.

The mean age of the participants was 40 years, and the mean midupper arm circumference, weight, and body mass index were 16 cm, 5.2 kg, and 13, respectively.

The doctors observed area under the receiver operating curve for midupper arm circumference was higher than those of body mass index and weight.

Mean age, weight, and body mass index on admission did not differ between survivors and nonsurvivors.

Midupper arm circumference was independently associated with mortality
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Midupper arm circumference and edema were independently associated with mortality.

For every 1-cm increase in admission midupper arm circumference, the odds of subsequent mortality decreased by 58%.

Dr Irena's team concluded, "In this study, which was conducted at the height of a major famine among adults with extremely severe grades of undernutrition, midupper arm circumference and edema were better indicators of short-term prognosis than was body mass index."

"Further studies are needed to define a critical midupper arm circumference threshold for the diagnosis of acute adult undernutrition."

Am J Clin Nutr 2013: 98(2): 335-339


26 August 2013

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 29 April 2016 
Crohn's disease associated genes
 29 April 2016 
Simvastatins and survival in cirrhosis
 29 April 2016 
HCV infection in Baby Boomers with Medicare
 28 April 2016 
Diarrheal diseases in children
 28 April 2016 
Racial disparities in survival from colon cancer
 28 April 2016 
Birth outcomes in women with IBD receiving assisted reproduction
 27 April 2016 
Dust mite and human GI tract
 27 April 2016 
Celiac disease in adults
 27 April 2016 
Ultra-short celiac disease
 26 April 2016 
Guidelines for nutrition therapy in hospitalized patients
 26 April 2016 
IBS and microscopic colitis
 26 April 2016 
Polyp detection during colonoscopy
 25 April 2016 
Estrogen deficiency and fibrosis risk in women with NAFLD
 25 April 2016 
Acceptance of Liver transplant center organ offers
 25 April 2016 
Abrupt interruption of beta-blockers in cirrhosis 
 22 April 2016 
Novel method to regenerate the esophagus
 22 April 2016 
Relapse after antiviral treatment in Hep B
 22 April 2016 
Microscopic colitis with NSAIDs and PPIs
 11 April 2016 
Admissions times and outcomes for ERCP cholangitis
 11 April 2016 
Infliximab vs adalimumab in ulcerative colitis
 11 April 2016 
H. pylori in treatment-naïve children
 08 April 2016 
Endoscopic treatment of Crohn's strictures
 08 April 2016 
Nutrition therapy in the hospitalized patient
 08 April 2016 
H.pylori effects on pediatric gastric mucosa
 07 April 2016 
CVD changes after TIPSS
 07 April 2016 
HBV during immunosuppressive therapies
 07 April 2016 
Transanal mesorectal resection for rectal cancer
 06 April 2016 
Adherence to colorectal cancer screening strategies
 06 April 2016 
Duodenal bulb biopsies in childhood celiac disease diagnosis
 06 April 2016 
Lymph node metastasis in early gastric cancer
 05 April 2016 
IBS in the US military
 05 April 2016 
Changes in blood flow in cirrhosis
 05 April 2016 
Colorectal cancer risk with serrated polyps
 04 April 2016 
Noninvasive diagnosis of celiac disease
 04 April 2016 
Metallic vs plastic stents for benign biliary strictures
 04 April 2016 
Adherence to quality indicators improves clinical outcomes in ascites
 01 April 2016 
Prognosis after colorectal cancer resection with peritoneal metastasis
 01 April 2016 
Colorectal cancer risk with non-malignant colonoscopy findings
 01 April 2016 
Intensive enteral nutrition and severe alcoholic hepatitis
 31 March 2016 
Anesthesia services during colonoscopy
 31 March 2016 
Alcohol and glucose tolerance in NAFLD
 31 March 2016 
Management of Barrett’s esophagus
 30 March 2016 
Depression and symptoms in IBS
 30 March 2016 
Electronic learning system for colon capsule endoscopy
 30 March 2016 
Gastric cancer screening
 29 March 2016 
Statins and survival in esophageal cancer
 29 March 2016 
Infant feeding practices and celiac disease
 25 March 2016 
Medical therapy and neoplasia regression in familial adenomatous polyposis
 25 March 2016 
Medical therapy compliance and ulcerative colitis recurrence
 25 March 2016 
Predicting outcomes of drug-induced acute liver failure
 24 March 2016 
Thrombocytopenia and multi-organ system failure in acute liver failure
 24 March 2016 
Patients with ulcerative colitis and their concerns
 24 March 2016 
Prediction of relapses in IBD
 23 March 2016 
Thiopurine therapy in IBD
 23 March 2016 
Early colonoscopy for lower GI bleeds
 23 March 2016 
Treatment with immunomodulators and biologics in ulcerative colitis
 22 March 2016 
Bile acid diarrhea
 22 March 2016 
Psoriasis induced by anti-TNF therapy in IBD
 22 March 2016 
Predicting mortality in acute liver failure
 21 March 2016 
Gut microbiota and risk of pneumococcal pneumonia

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2016 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us