Dr Viktor Oskarsson and colleagues from Sweden examined the association of vegetable and fruit consumption with the risk of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis.
A population-based prospective cohort of 80,019 women and men, aged 46–84 years, completed a food-frequency questionnaire at baseline and was followed up for incidence of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis from 1998 to 2009.
Participants were categorized into quintiles according to consumption of vegetables and consumption of fruit.
In total, 320 incident cases with non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis were identified during 12 years of follow-up.
|Every 2 additional servings per day were associated with 17% risk reduction|
The doctors observed a significant inverse linear dose–response association between vegetable consumption, and risk of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis.
The team found that every 2 additional servings per day were associated with 17% risk reduction.
The doctors noted that among participants consuming more than 1 drink of alcohol per day, and among those with a body mass index of 25 kg/m2, the relative risk for the highest compared with the lowest quintile of vegetable consumption was 0.29 and 0.49, respectively.
Fruit consumption was not significantly associated with the risk of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis.
The team found that the relative risk of extreme quintiles of consumption was 1.20.
Dr Oskarsson's team commented, "Vegetable consumption, but not fruit consumption, may play a role in the prevention of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis."