Dr Viktor Oskarsson and colleagues from Sweden performed a population-based prospective cohort of 80,019 women and men, aged 46–84 years.
The patients completed a food-frequency questionnaire at baseline and was followed up for incidence of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis from 1998 to 2009.
Participants were categorized into quintiles according to consumption of vegetables and consumption of fruit.
The research team identified 320 incident cases with non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis during 12 years of follow-up.
After adjustment for potential confounders, the team observed a significant inverse linear dose–response association between vegetable consumption and risk of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis.
The team found that every 2 additional servings per day were associated with a 17% risk reduction.
|Every 2 additional servings per day were associated with a 17% risk reduction|
The researchers found that among participants consuming more than 1 drink of alcohol per day, and among those with body mass index of 25 kg/m2.
The relative risk for the highest compared with the lowest quintile of vegetable consumption was 0.3 and 0.5, respectively.
Fruit consumption was not significantly associated with the risk of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis; the relative risk comparing extreme quintiles of consumption was 1.20.
The Oskarsson's commented, "Vegetable consumption, but not fruit consumption, may play a role in the prevention of non-gallstone-related acute pancreatitis."