Education of individuals who are at risk for, or have been diagnosed with, chronic hepatitis B or C virus infections can improve their participation in disease management.
Dr Hemant Shah and colleagues from Canada performed a systematic review to evaluate the effects of educational interventions for patients with hepatitis B or hepatitis C infections.
The research team searched multiple databases for peer-reviewed studies of individuals with hepatitis B or C infection, or those at risk for infection.
Our final analysis included 14 studies that evaluated any educational intervention and reported the effectiveness or patient outcomes relevant to the intervention.
The team of doctors assessed that data extracted from studies included details of educational interventions, patient populations, comparison groups, and outcome measures.
The quality of each study was appraised.
|On a 20-point quality scale, study scores ranged from 6 to 19|
|Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology |
Types of educational interventions assessed ranged from information websites, and nurse-led sessions to community-wide and institutional programs.
The research team reported that educational interventions demonstrated significant improvements to patientsí knowledge about their disease, behaviors, willingness to commence and adhere to treatment, and other outcomes such as self-efficacy and vitality or energy scores.
The team of doctors reported thst these significant benefits were demonstrated in 5 of 7 studies of hepatitis B infection, and 8 of 10 studies of hepatitis C infection.
On a 20-point quality scale, study scores ranged from 6 to 19.
Dr Shah's team commented, "Simple educational interventions for patients with hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection significantly increase patientsí knowledge about their disease."
"More complex, multi-modal educational interventions seem to cause behavioral changes that increase rates of testing, vaccination, and treatment."