Education of individuals who are at risk for, or have been diagnosed with, chronic hepatitis B or C virus infections can improve their participation in disease management.
Dr Hemant Shah and colleagues performed a systematic review to evaluate the effects of educational interventions for patients with HBV or HCV infections.
The research team searched multiple databases for peer-reviewed studies of individuals with HBV or HCV infection, or those at risk for infection.
The team's final analysis included 14 studies that evaluated any educational intervention and reported the effectiveness or patient outcomes relevant to the intervention.
The research team extracted data from studies, and included details of educational interventions, patient populations, comparison groups, and outcome measures.
The quality of each study was appraised.
|On a 20-point quality scale, study scores ranged from 6 to 19|
|Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology|
The doctors reported that types of educational interventions ranged from information websites and nurse-led sessions to community-wide and institutional programs.
The educational interventions demonstrated significant improvements to patients’ knowledge about their disease, behaviors, willingness to commence and adhere to treatment, and other outcomes such as self-efficacy and vitality or energy scores.
The research team demonstrated significant benefits in 5 of 7 studies of HBV infection, and 8 of 10 studies of HCV infection.
On a 20-point quality scale, study scores ranged from 6 to 19.
Dr Hemant's team concluded, "Simple educational interventions for patients with HBV or HCV infection significantly increase patients’ knowledge about their disease."
"More complex, multi-modal educational interventions seem to cause behavioral changes that increase rates of testing, vaccination, and treatment."