Help
Subscribe


Submit Videos to GastroHep Read For FREE - Our full range of review articles
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Guido Tytgat Profile of Pete Peterson Profile of Peter Cotton Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Improving screening for hepatocellular carcinoma

The latest issue of Clinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology reports improved screening for hepatocellular carcinoma by incorporating data on levels of α-fetoprotein.

News image

Current screening algorithms for hepatocellular carcinoma view each testing interval independently, without considering prior test results.

Dr Elliot Lee from Michigan USA investigated whether measurements of α-fetoprotein, over time, can be used to identify patients most likely to develop hepatocellular carcinoma.

The team performed a nested case-control study using data from subjects in the Hepatitis C Antiviral Long-Term Treatment Against Cirrhosis trial.

The research team matched 82 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma to individuals without hepatocellular carcinoma, using bootstrap methods to ensure similar follow-up times between groups.

The team assessed the independent association between development of hepatocellular carcinoma and the following: most recent level of α-fetoprotein, standard deviation in level of α-fetoprotein, and rate of increase in α-fetoprotein using a multiple logistic regression that included patient-specific risk factors such as age, platelet count, and smoking status.

All 3 α-fetoprotein metrics were associated with hepatocellular carcinoma development
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

The research team noted that in bivariable analysis, all 3 α-fetoprotein metrics were associated with hepatocellular carcinoma development.

The most strongly associated metric was the standard deviation of α-fetoprotein.

Incorporating the standard deviation of  and rate of α-fetoprotein increase, along with patient-specific risk factors, improved the prognostic accuracy to an area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve of 0.81, compared with 0.76 when only the most recent α-fetoprotein level was used.

Dr Elliot's team commented, "Patterns of α-fetoprotein test results can more accurately identify patients with hepatitis C and advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis most likely to develop hepatocellular carcinoma, compared with most recent α-fetoprotein test results."

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2013: 11(4): 437-440
29 March 2013

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 29 January 2015

Advanced search
 29 January 2015 
Gastric cancer in peptic ulcer disease
 29 January 2015 
Genetics and risk of Barrett's
 29 January 2015 
Pyloric compliance in gastroparesis
 28 January 2015 
Surgery and quality of life in rectal cancer
 28 January 2015 
Metabolic syndrome in celiac disease
 28 January 2015 
Remission in Crohn's disease
 27 January 2015 
Outcomes for liver transplantation
 27 January 2015 
Psychological distress and fecal composition in IBS
 27 January 2015 
Risk of upper GI cancers in GERD
 26 January 2015 
Breath analysis for IBD
 26 January 2015 
Fecal microbiota transplantation
 26 January 2015 
Antidepressants and GERD
 23 January 2015 
Liver transplant outcomes
 23 January 2015 
Breath analysis in IBD
 23 January 2015 
Fecal microbiota transplantation
 22 January 2015 
NASH and lipid improvements
 22 January 2015 
NAFLD and NASH with psoriasis
 22 January 2015 
Predicting outcomes in HCV-related advanced liver disease
 21 January 2015 
Colon capsule versus CT colonography
 21 January 2015 
Barrett's esophagus screening in the community
 21 January 2015 
Portal vein obstruction
 20 January 2015 
Modulating mucosal damage in Crohn's
 20 January 2015 
Novel techniques for Barrett's screening
 20 January 2015 
Food intolerance
 19 January 2015 
Treatment of fecal incontinence
 19 January 2015 
Hepatic cyst infection
 19 January 2015 
Risk of IBS among relatives
 16 January 2015 
Colorectal cancer screening uptake
 16 January 2015 
NAFLD and NASH in patients with psoriasis
 16 January 2015 
Fecal incontinence
 15 January 2015 
Coffee intake and liver disease
 15 January 2015 
NAFLD in primary care practice
 15 January 2015 
Management of univestigated dyspepsia
 14 January 2015 
Missed colorectal cancers after colonoscopy with polypectomy
 14 January 2015 
Inflixmab response in Crohn's
 14 January 2015 
Statins and liver injury in chronic liver disease
 13 January 2015 
Cytomegalovirus in IBD
 13 January 2015 
Helicobacter-negative gastritis
 13 January 2015 
Hep B vaccine in IBD
 12 January 2015 
Survival in Hep B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma
 12 January 2015 
Relapse of Crohn's disease after surgery
 12 January 2015 
Late liver metastases of colorectal cancer
 09 January 2015 
Fecal microbiota transplantation for refractory Crohn's
 09 January 2015 
Hypercoagulability after liver resection
 09 January 2015 
Naps and gastroesophageal reflux vs nocturnal sleep
 08 January 2015 
Post-infectious functional dyspepsia
 08 January 2015 
Diagnosis of liver iron overload
 08 January 2015 
Digestive tract damage in Crohn's disease
 07 January 2015 
Early-onset colorectal cancer
 07 January 2015 
SSRIs for noncardiac chest pain
 07 January 2015 
SSRIs and upper GI bleeds
 06 January 2015 
Detection of inflammation in Crohn's
 06 January 2015 
Leptin and early-onset extreme obesity
 06 January 2015 
Goals of IBD treatment
 19 December 2014 
Thiopurine treatment and colectomy in ulcerative colitis
 19 December 2014 
Idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating disease in IBD
 19 December 2014 
Colorectal cancer risk for first-degree relatives
 18 December 2014 
Vitamin D and sustained virologic response in HCV
 18 December 2014 
Factor for treatment in IBS
 18 December 2014 
Assessment of Crohn's disease activity

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2015 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us