Help
Subscribe


All of GastroHep is now free access! - Click here to register Read For FREE - Our full range of review articles
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Guido Tytgat Profile of Pete Peterson Profile of Peter Cotton Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Reduction in pack sizes of paracetamol improves mortality and liver transplant activity

This week's issue of the British Medical Journal reports that a reduction in pack sizes of paracetamol improves mortality and liver transplant activity.

News image

Dr Keith Hawton and colleagues from the United Kingdom assessed the long term effect of United Kingdom legislation introduced in 1998 to restrict pack sizes of paracetamol on deaths from paracetamol poisoning and liver unit activity.

Interrupted time series analyses to assess mean quarterly changes from 1998 to the end of 2009 relative to projected deaths without the legislation based on pre-legislation trends.

The team evaluated mortality (1993-2009) and liver unit activity (1995-2009) in England and Wales, using information from the Office for National Statistics and NHS Blood and Transplant, respectively.

The team's main outcome measures included suicide, deaths of undetermined intent, and accidental poisoning deaths involving single drug ingestion of paracetamol and paracetamol compounds in people aged 10 years and over, and liver unit registrations and transplantations for paracetamol induced hepatotoxicity.

Compared with the pre-legislation level, following the legislation there was an estimated average reduction of 17 deaths per quarter in England and Wales involving paracetamol alone that received suicide or undetermined verdicts.

There was 61% reduction in liver transplant registrations for paracetamol induced hepatotoxicity
British Medical Journal

This decrease represented a 43% reduction or an estimated 765 fewer deaths over the 11 years after the legislation.

The researchers found a similar effect when accidental poisoning deaths were included, and when a conservative method of analysis was used.

The team observed that the decrease was largely unaltered after controlling for a non-significant reduction in deaths involving other methods of poisoning and also suicides by all methods.

The research team found a 61% reduction in registrations for liver transplantation for paracetamol induced hepatotoxicity.

However, the team noted no reduction was seen in actual transplantations, nor in registrations after a conservative method of analysis was used.

Dr Hawton's team concludes, "UK legislation to reduce pack sizes of paracetamol was followed by significant reductions in deaths due to paracetamol overdose, with some indication of fewer registrations for transplantation at liver units during the 11 years after the legislation."

"The continuing toll of deaths suggests, however, that further preventive measures should be sought."

BMJ 2013: 346doi: f403
18 February 2013

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 02 October 2014

Advanced search
 02 October 2014 
Predictive model of Hep C disease progression
 02 October 2014 
Person-to-person transmission of norovirus
 02 October 2014 
IPAA with or without preoperative radiation
 01 October 2014 
Prevention of postop Crohn's
 01 October 2014 
Cecal intubation time during colonoscopy
 01 October 2014 
Anti-TNFa therapies during pregnancy in IBD
 30 September 2014 
Autoimmune hepatitis
 30 September 2014 
Medication use in patients with chronic Hep C
 30 September 2014 
Gastric cancer according to H pylori infection status
 29 September 2014 
Drug exposure and microscopic colitis
 29 September 2014 
Peptic ulcer bleeding after PPI treatment
 29 September 2014 
Intestinal tuberculosis vs Crohn's disease
 26 September 2014 
5-aminosalicylates for the treatment of Crohn's
 26 September 2014 
Response to infliximab in paediatric perianal Crohn's
 26 September 2014 
Ondansetron for IBS with diarrhea
 25 September 2014 
Colorectal neoplasia among family members of patients with colorectal cancer
 25 September 2014 
Medical treatment and surgery rates in IBD
 25 September 2014 
Liver transplants for liver cancer
 24 September 2014 
Health services burden of IBD
 24 September 2014 
PPIs after antireflux surgery
 24 September 2014 
Antidepressants in chronic liver disease
 23 September 2014 
Upper GI bleeding with drug combinations
 23 September 2014 
Recurrence of Barrett's neoplasia after resection
 23 September 2014 
Abnormal prion protein in appendixes
 22 September 2014 
Anorectal function after low anterior resection
 22 September 2014 

Anorectal stricture in Crohn's

 22 September 2014 
Malignancies in celiac disease
 19 September 2014 
Adhesions in abdominal and pelvic surgery
 19 September 2014 
Repeat colonoscopy among US Medicare
 19 September 2014 
Progression to liver cancer in HCV-infected Veterans
 18 September 2014 
Patient improvement following sacral neuromodulation
 18 September 2014 
Autoimmune diseases in functional gastrointestinal disorders
 18 September 2014 
New diagnostic score for hepatic steatosis
 17 September 2014 
Orange juice intake for bowel preparation
 17 September 2014 
Treatment of fistulising perianal Crohn's disease
 17 September 2014 
Interval colorectal cancers
 16 September 2014 
Fiber treats IBS
 16 September 2014 
Resected biliary tract cancer
 16 September 2014 
Postoperative adhesions in digestive surgery
 15 September 2014 
Fecal transplantation for C.diff infection
 15 September 2014 
Prunes and GI function
 15 September 2014 
Antidepressants for IBS
 12 September 2014 
Metabolic syndrome delays HBeAg seroclearance
 12 September 2014 
Drug-induced liver disease
 12 September 2014 
Management of complex colon polyps
 11 September 2014 
Sofosbuvir plus peginterferon/ribavirin for HCV
 11 September 2014 
Hepatobiliary cirrhosis risk after organ transplant
 11 September 2014 
Patient perceptions in celiac disease
 10 September 2014 
Acute kidney injury after colonoscopy
 10 September 2014 
Management algorithm for endoscopic mucosal resection of colonic lesions
 10 September 2014 
Adhesions in abdominal and pelvic surgery
 09 September 2014 
Neutrophil function and mortality in cirrhosis
 09 September 2014 
PPIs and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhosis
 09 September 2014 
MELD and liver cancer survival
 08 September 2014 
Comparison of diet programs in overweight and obese adults
 08 September 2014 
Vagal nerve blockade and morbid obesity
 08 September 2014 
Long-term follow-up after bariatric surgery
 05 September 2014 
Healing rates in reflux esophagitis
 05 September 2014 
Progression of environmental enteropathy
 05 September 2014 
Diabetes and liver transplant outcomes

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2014 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us