Help
Subscribe


All of GastroHep is now free access! - Click here to register Read For FREE - Our full range of review articles
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Guido Tytgat Profile of Pete Peterson Profile of Peter Cotton Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Reduction in pack sizes of paracetamol improves mortality and liver transplant activity

This week's issue of the British Medical Journal reports that a reduction in pack sizes of paracetamol improves mortality and liver transplant activity.

News image

Dr Keith Hawton and colleagues from the United Kingdom assessed the long term effect of United Kingdom legislation introduced in 1998 to restrict pack sizes of paracetamol on deaths from paracetamol poisoning and liver unit activity.

Interrupted time series analyses to assess mean quarterly changes from 1998 to the end of 2009 relative to projected deaths without the legislation based on pre-legislation trends.

The team evaluated mortality (1993-2009) and liver unit activity (1995-2009) in England and Wales, using information from the Office for National Statistics and NHS Blood and Transplant, respectively.

The team's main outcome measures included suicide, deaths of undetermined intent, and accidental poisoning deaths involving single drug ingestion of paracetamol and paracetamol compounds in people aged 10 years and over, and liver unit registrations and transplantations for paracetamol induced hepatotoxicity.

Compared with the pre-legislation level, following the legislation there was an estimated average reduction of 17 deaths per quarter in England and Wales involving paracetamol alone that received suicide or undetermined verdicts.

There was 61% reduction in liver transplant registrations for paracetamol induced hepatotoxicity
British Medical Journal

This decrease represented a 43% reduction or an estimated 765 fewer deaths over the 11 years after the legislation.

The researchers found a similar effect when accidental poisoning deaths were included, and when a conservative method of analysis was used.

The team observed that the decrease was largely unaltered after controlling for a non-significant reduction in deaths involving other methods of poisoning and also suicides by all methods.

The research team found a 61% reduction in registrations for liver transplantation for paracetamol induced hepatotoxicity.

However, the team noted no reduction was seen in actual transplantations, nor in registrations after a conservative method of analysis was used.

Dr Hawton's team concludes, "UK legislation to reduce pack sizes of paracetamol was followed by significant reductions in deaths due to paracetamol overdose, with some indication of fewer registrations for transplantation at liver units during the 11 years after the legislation."

"The continuing toll of deaths suggests, however, that further preventive measures should be sought."

BMJ 2013: 346doi: f403
18 February 2013

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 01 February 2015

Advanced search
 30 January 2015 
HIV-associated NAFLD and primary NAFLD
 30 January 2015 
Narcotic use in children with IBD
 30 January 2015 
Removal of rectal neoplasms
 29 January 2015 
Gastric cancer in peptic ulcer disease
 29 January 2015 
Genetics and risk of Barrett's
 29 January 2015 
Pyloric compliance in gastroparesis
 28 January 2015 
Surgery and quality of life in rectal cancer
 28 January 2015 
Metabolic syndrome in celiac disease
 28 January 2015 
Remission in Crohn's disease
 27 January 2015 
Outcomes for liver transplantation
 27 January 2015 
Psychological distress and fecal composition in IBS
 27 January 2015 
Risk of upper GI cancers in GERD
 26 January 2015 
Breath analysis for IBD
 26 January 2015 
Fecal microbiota transplantation
 26 January 2015 
Antidepressants and GERD
 23 January 2015 
Liver transplant outcomes
 23 January 2015 
Breath analysis in IBD
 23 January 2015 
Fecal microbiota transplantation
 22 January 2015 
NASH and lipid improvements
 22 January 2015 
NAFLD and NASH with psoriasis
 22 January 2015 
Predicting outcomes in HCV-related advanced liver disease
 21 January 2015 
Colon capsule versus CT colonography
 21 January 2015 
Barrett's esophagus screening in the community
 21 January 2015 
Portal vein obstruction
 20 January 2015 
Modulating mucosal damage in Crohn's
 20 January 2015 
Novel techniques for Barrett's screening
 20 January 2015 
Food intolerance
 19 January 2015 
Treatment of fecal incontinence
 19 January 2015 
Hepatic cyst infection
 19 January 2015 
Risk of IBS among relatives
 16 January 2015 
Colorectal cancer screening uptake
 16 January 2015 
NAFLD and NASH in patients with psoriasis
 16 January 2015 
Fecal incontinence
 15 January 2015 
Coffee intake and liver disease
 15 January 2015 
NAFLD in primary care practice
 15 January 2015 
Management of univestigated dyspepsia
 14 January 2015 
Missed colorectal cancers after colonoscopy with polypectomy
 14 January 2015 
Inflixmab response in Crohn's
 14 January 2015 
Statins and liver injury in chronic liver disease
 13 January 2015 
Cytomegalovirus in IBD
 13 January 2015 
Helicobacter-negative gastritis
 13 January 2015 
Hep B vaccine in IBD
 12 January 2015 
Survival in Hep B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma
 12 January 2015 
Relapse of Crohn's disease after surgery
 12 January 2015 
Late liver metastases of colorectal cancer
 09 January 2015 
Fecal microbiota transplantation for refractory Crohn's
 09 January 2015 
Hypercoagulability after liver resection
 09 January 2015 
Naps and gastroesophageal reflux vs nocturnal sleep
 08 January 2015 
Post-infectious functional dyspepsia
 08 January 2015 
Diagnosis of liver iron overload
 08 January 2015 
Digestive tract damage in Crohn's disease
 07 January 2015 
Early-onset colorectal cancer
 07 January 2015 
SSRIs for noncardiac chest pain
 07 January 2015 
SSRIs and upper GI bleeds
 06 January 2015 
Detection of inflammation in Crohn's
 06 January 2015 
Leptin and early-onset extreme obesity
 06 January 2015 
Goals of IBD treatment
 19 December 2014 
Thiopurine treatment and colectomy in ulcerative colitis
 19 December 2014 
Idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating disease in IBD
 19 December 2014 
Colorectal cancer risk for first-degree relatives

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2015 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us