Drs Clive Callender and Patrice Miles from Washington, USA became aware of the scarcity of minority donors, especially African Americans.
The team have been involved from then until now, 4 decades later, in a grass roots effort emphasizing community education, and empowerment combined with the use of mass media, which has increased minority donation rates exponentially.
This program was initiated with a $500 grant from Howard University, and was subsequently funded by National Institutes of Health grants and other funding totaling more than $10 million between 1993 and 2008.
The researchers found that between 1990 and 2008, minority donations percentages have doubled, from 15% to 30%.
|Minority donations percentages have doubled from 15% to 30%|
|Journal of the American College of Surgeons|
African-American organ donors per million have quadrupled from 8 to 53 between 1982 and 2008.
Dr Callender's team concluded, “The investment of $10 million may seem substantial when we look at the cost-to-benefit ratio associated with the cost savings of $135,000 per donor.”
“However, it is small when compared with the more than $200 million saved by kidney donors alone, which is associated with the expected increase in the percentage of minority donors to 35% by 2010, or the equivalent of 1,750 minority donors.”