Drs Philippe Mathurin and Pierre Deltenre from France review drinking patterns amongst men and women, and examine the effect on the liver.
The research team report that alcohol consumers show strong variations in demographic characteristics, alcohol intake, frequency, duration and profile of consumption.
Men consuming up to 2 drinks per day or women consuming 1 drink per day are defined as moderate drinkers and do not have an increased risk compared to abstainers.
Conversely, the team noted that a high-risk pattern, defined as daily consumption above those limits, or binge drinking episodes, cause health, personal and social problems.
The researchers highlight that this definition separates chronic drinkers from binge drinkers, as their drinking patterns are different.
|Men consuming up to 2 drinks per day are defined as moderate drinkers.|
Binge drinking implies 'drinking too much too fast'.
Periods of binge drinking are typically followed by periods of abstinence or, in some cases, significantly lower levels of consumption.
Dr Mathurin's team concluded, “The threshold of alcohol intake per episode which is used to define binge drinking varies from one study to another.”
“The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism proposed a consensual definition “