Help
Subscribe


GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy

 17 January 2018

Advanced search
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Impact of presumed consent for organ donation on donation rates

This week’s issue of the British Journal of Medicine identifies factors that increase organ donation.

News image

fiogf49gjkf04

Dr Catriona McDaid and colleagues from the United Kingdom examined the impact of a system of presumed consent for organ donation on donation rates and to review data on attitudes towards presumed consent.

The research team conducted a systematic review of studies retrieved by online searches to 2008 of Medline, Medline In-Process, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, HMIC, PAIS International, and OpenSIGLE.

The team identified 5 studies comparing donation rates before and after the introduction of legislation for presumed consent, termed the before and after studies.

The team noted that 8 studies compared donation rates in countries with and without presumed consent systems, termed the between country comparison studies.

There were increases of 25% to 30% in organ donation
British Medical Journal

The research team observed 13 surveys of public and professional attitudes to presumed consent.

The 5 before and after studies represented 3 countries.

All of these reported an increase in donation rates after the introduction of presumed consent, but there was little investigation of any other changes taking place concurrently with the change in legislation.

In the 4 best quality between country comparisons, presumed consent law or practice was associated with increased organ donation.

The team found increases of 25% to 30%, and 21% to 26% in organ donation, increasing from 3 more donors per million population to 6 more donors per million population in the 4 studies.

Other factors found to increase organ donation in at least one study were mortality from road traffic accidents and cerebrovascular causes, transplant capacity, and gross domestic product per capita.

In addition, the researchers found that health expenditure per capita, religion (Catholicism), education, public access to information, and a common law legal system influenced the decision to donate.

The 8 surveys of attitudes to presumed consent were of the UK public.

These surveys varied in the level of support for presumed consent, with surveys conducted before 2000 reporting the lowest levels of support.

The most recent survey, in 2007, reported that 64% of respondents supported a change to presumed consent.

Dr McDaid’s team concludes, “Presumed consent alone is unlikely to explain the variation in organ donation rates between countries.”

“Legislation, availability of donors, organisation and infrastructure of the transplantation service, wealth and investment in health care, and public attitudes to and awareness of organ donation may all play a part, but their relative importance is unclear.”

“Recent UK surveys show support for presumed consent, though with variation in results that may reflect differences in survey methods.”

 

 

BMJ 2009: 338: a3162


06 February 2009

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 17 January 2018 
“Weekend effect” in upper GI hemorrhage
 17 January 2018 
Gut dysbiosis and non-antibiotic prescription medications
 17 January 2018 
Reducing surgical infections in high-outlier colorectal unit
 16 January 2018 
Bundle of care in GI cancer surgery
 16 January 2018 
Anxiety about colonoscopy
 16 January 2018 
Thiopurines and colorectal neoplasia in IBD
 15 January 2018 
Risks of death after liver transplants for liver cancer
 15 January 2018 
Recent advances in hepatocellular carcinoma
 15 January 2018 
Ileostomy output using telemedicine
 12 January 2018 
Surveillance protocols after colorectal cancer resection
 12 January 2018 
Biologic therapy by pregnant women with IBD and infant vaccines
 12 January 2018 
Biologic therapies for IBD in the USA
 11 January 2018 
Genetic risk factors in GERD
 11 January 2018 
Predictor of colorectal adenoma
 11 January 2018 
Ectopic pregnancy in IBD 
 10 January 2018 
Fecal immunochemical tests for colorectal cancer screening
 10 January 2018 
Risk factors for advanced NAFLD
 10 January 2018 
Dyspepsia prevalence with gastroesophageal reflux–type symptoms
 09 January 2018 
Screening intervals for people with family histories of colorectal cancer
 09 January 2018 
Financial impact of colorectal cancer
 09 January 2018 
Current practice and future research in autoimmune hepatitis
 08 January 2018 
Improving prognosis in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis
 08 January 2018 
Reliability of the IBD index
 08 January 2018 
Aprepitant and nausea with gastroparesis
 05 January 2018 
Autoimmune pancreatitis and IBD
 05 January 2018 
Primary nonresponse to infliximab therapy
 05 January 2018 
Anesthesia assistance in outpatient colonoscopy
 04 January 2018 
Dietary polyphenols in the etiology of IBD
 04 January 2018 
Yoga vs low-FODMAP in IBS
 04 January 2018 
Local esophageal food allergen injections in eosinophilic esophagitis
 03 January 2018 
Population health management for IBD
 03 January 2018 
GERD in asthma and COPD
 03 January 2018 
Critical research gaps in colorectal cancer
 22 December 2017 
Costs of extrahepatic manifestations of Hep C
 22 December 2017 
Cholera vaccine and risk of death in colorectal cancer
 22 December 2017 
Colonoscopy after colorectal cancer resection
 21 December 2017 
Human oral microbiome and pancreatic cancer risk
 21 December 2017 
Health management for IBD
 21 December 2017 
PPI and Alzheimer's disease
 20 December 2017 
Management of abnormal liver blood tests
 20 December 2017 
Incidence of biopsy-verified celiac disease
 20 December 2017 
Osteoporotic fractures in Barrett's esophagus
 19 December 2017 
Alcohol abstinence and alcoholic hepatitis
 19 December 2017 
Family burden of pediatric Crohn's in the USA
 19 December 2017 
Early readmission in IBD patients
 18 December 2017 
Colorectal cancer mortality with low-risk adenomas at colonoscopy
 18 December 2017 
Disease activity indices in celiac disease
 18 December 2017 
Smoking behaviour predicted the risk of surgery in Crohn's
 15 December 2017 
Molecular classification of Crohn's disease
 15 December 2017 
Medical cannabinoid legalization policy and vomiting
 15 December 2017 
Inflammatory diet pattern and colorectal cancer risk
 14 December 2017 
PPIs and gastric cancer after H.pylori eradication
 14 December 2017 
H. pylori eradication therapies in countries with clarithromycin resistance
 13 December 2017 
Disease severity in NAFLD
 13 December 2017 
Tryptophan metabolism and IBD activity
 12 December 2017 
Risk factors in undiagnosed cirrhosis
 12 December 2017 
Monitored anesthesia care for outpatient GI endoscopy
 12 December 2017 
High-risk colorectal cancer patients
 06 December 2017 
Preventing hepatic encephalopathy-related readmissions
 06 December 2017 
Reflux-induced chronic cough 

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2018 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us