Dr Johansson and colleagues from Sweden compare the effectiveness of individual support, group rehabilitation and a combination of both in improving health-related quality of life and psychological well-being in cancer patients.
The patients were evaluated during 24 months after diagnosis, as compared with standard care.
The team compared the study sample and a random sample of the Swedish population with regard to health-related quality of life.
A total of 481 consecutive patients, newly diagnosed with cancer, were randomly assigned to one of the 4 alternatives.
|Many cancer patients manage their concerns with support available from standard care|
|British Journal of Cancer |
The researchers collected data on health-related quality of life and psychological well-being at baseline and after 3, 6, 12 and 24 months.
The interventions did not improve health-related quality of life or psychological well-being, as compared with standard care.
At 3 months, the study sample reported an health-related quality of life comparable with the normal population.
The team found that many cancer patients are able to manage their cancer-related concerns with the support available from standard care.
However, it is reasonable to assume that the findings suffer from a lack of data from especially vulnerable patients and a possible Hawthorne effect.
Dr Johansson’s team concluded, “Cancer patients have no need for additional psychosocial interventions.”
“Future projects should include screening and target interventions for those at risk for significant and prolonged psychological distress.”