Symptoms of functional gastrointestinal disorders are common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
Psychological comorbidities of anxiety and depression are also highly prevalent in inflammatory bowel disease.
|80% met Rome 3 criteria for a functional bowel disorder|
|Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics|
Dr Mikocka-Walus and colleagues from Australia quantified the burden of functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders in a hospital-based cohort of patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
The research team determined whether there is any inter-relationship between the presence and number of functional gastrointestinal disorders and patients' quality of life or psychological status.
The team performed a cross-sectional survey of 61 out-patients.
Data on psychological status, quality of life, disease activity and functional symptoms according to Rome 3 criteria were collected.
The researchers found that overall, 80% of participants met Rome 3 criteria for a functional bowel disorder.
The team noted that 52% of participants met criteria for more than 1 functional gastrointestinal disorders.
Participants with no functional gastrointestinal disorders had significantly better physical quality of life than those with more than 2 functional gastrointestinal disorders.
However, there was no relationship among the number of functional gastrointestinal disorders, mental quality of life, anxiety or depression.
Dr Mikocka-Walus' team concluded, "Functional gastrointestinal disorders are highly prevalent in out-patients with inflammatory bowel disease".
"Somewhat unexpectedly, the presence of anxiety and/or depression did not appear to correlate with either the presence or the number of functional gastrointestinal disorders."