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News

Attitudes of chronic Hep B patients in the USA

January's Journal of Viral Hepatitis investigates symptomatology and health attitudes of chronic Hepatitis B patients in the USA.

News image

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Dr Hann and colleagues from New Jersey, USA conducted a study to understand the symptomatology, attitudes, and behaviors of chronic Hepatitis B patients.

Chronic Hepatitis B patients enrolled in this study were recruited through multiple methods, including newspaper advertisements.

Interviews were conducted in multiple languages, and all participants had a history of chronic Hepatitis B infection for at least 6 months.

Asians were more likely to consider Hep B overriding their daily activities
Journal of Viral Hepatitis

Patients with documented human immunodeficiency virus or Hepatitis C virus coinfection were excluded from data analyses.

There were 258 respondents who completed interviews in 2004.

The team found that the majority of monoinfected patients were male and non-Asian.

Length of diagnosis was 6 years for all participants.

The research team noted that 95% of chronic Hepatitis B patients reported symptoms of differing severity in the 12 months prior to the survey.

The most common symptoms included fatigue/loss of energy, and loss of appetite.

The team found non-Asian patients described greater symptomatology.

Non-Asians were more likely than Asians to consider chronic Hepatitis B an overriding concern in their daily activities.

Patients were treated either currently or previously with interferon described greater symptomatology than those treated without interferon.

The researchers observed that chronic Hepatitis B patients may have greater symptomatology than recognized.

Dr Hann's team concluded, "Disease perceptions and treatment attitudes differ between Asian and non-Asian ethnic groups, with the former appearing to be more accepting and less concerned about the disease."

"Additional research about chronic Hepatitis B symptomatology and health attitudes by ethnicity is needed to ensure that individuals with chronic Hepatitis B are educated on the potential health risks and the availability of current treatment options."

J Vir Hep 2007: 15(1): 42-51
18 December 2007

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