Heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) during pregnancy are accepted as an innocent condition.
The effect of heartburn during pregnancy on the initiation or progress of GERD is not known.
Dr Serhat Bor and colleagues from Turkey determined the predisposition effect of heartburn during pregnancy for presenting with GERD in the future.
The team applied a validated reflux questionnaire to 1180 randomly selected women aged between 18 and 49 years who had at least 1 delivery.
|The prevalence of GERD was 7%|
|Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology|
Frequent symptoms were defined as a major symptom occurring at least once a week or more.
Occasional symptoms were defined as an episode of 1 of the major symptoms occurring less than once a week within the past 12 months.
The team found the mean live delivery rate was 2.
The prevalence of GERD was 7%.
The researchers found that the prevalence of GERD for women with a history of just 1 delivery was 2%, more than 2 deliveries were accompanied with risk of 15%.
The team found in the group with no heartburn during pregnancy only 6% had GERD.
If there was heartburn during any of the pregnancies, the risk was 18%.
The research team observed that more than 2 pregnancies with a history of heartburn accompanied a 36% risk of having GERD.
Using logistic regression analysis, the team showed that the risk is independent from obesity and age.
Dr Bor and team concluded, "The risk of GERD is increased by the presence of heartburn during pregnancy."
"This association is independent of obesity and age."
"Heartburn during pregnancy might not be accepted as an innocent and temporary condition."