Studies have suggested that music therapy can provide stress relief and analgesia.
Dr Rudin and colleagues from New York, USA conducted a
meta-analysis that focused on the effects of music therapy on patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures.
The research team searched the PubMed and Cochrane Library databases, and undertook a manual search.
The team identified 6 randomized controlled trials that examined the effects of music therapy on patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures.
After data extraction, separate meta-analyses were performed.
|Patients receiving music therapy exhibited lower anxiety levels|
In the 3 studies that did not use pharmacotherapy, anxiety levels were used as a measure of efficacy assessed as Group 1.
In the 3 studies in which pharmacotherapy was used, sedation and analgesia requirements and procedure duration times were analyzed as Group 2.
The researchers found that a total of 641 patients were included in the analysis.
In Group 1, patients receiving music therapy exhibited lower anxiety levels, compared with controls.
In Group 2, patients receiving music therapy exhibited statistically significant reductions in analgesia requirements, and procedure times.
The team noted that patients in Group 2 also had a reduction in sedation requirements that approached significance, in comparison with controls.
Dr Rudin and team concluded, "Music therapy is an effective tool for stress relief and analgesia in patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures."