Help
Subscribe


GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy

 18 January 2018

Advanced search
GastroHep.com - the global online resource for all aspects of gastroenterology, hepatology and endoscopy Profile of Roy Pounder

Home

News  
Journals
Review Articles
Slide Atlas
Video Clips
Online Books
Advanced Digestive Endoscopy
Classical Cases
Conference Diary
PubMed
International GH Links
USA GH Links
National GH Links
National GI Societies
Other Useful Links




Emails on Gastroenterology and Hepatology
the National AIDS Treatment Advocacy Project
Visit the gastroenterology section of the EUMS

News

Prevalence of overweight children continues to increase rapidly

The prevalence of overweight children has increased significantly, especially among African-Americans and Hispanics, according to an article in the latest issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

News image

fiogf49gjkf04

Richard S. Strauss, of the UM-DNJ-Robert Wood Johnson School of Medicine, New Brunswick, New Jersey, and Harold A. Pollack, of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, investigated recent changes in the prevalence of overweight children within a nationally representative sample.

The sample was from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, a prospective cohort study conducted from 1986 to 1998, among 8270 children aged 4 to 12 years.

Being overweight was defined as body mass index (BMI) greater than the 95th percentile for age and sex.

The percentage of children with BMIs above the 85th percentile for age and sex were also analyzed to assess the total proportion of children who are considered overweight and at risk for being overweight.

The roles of race/ethnicity, sex, income, and region of residence were also examined.

The researchers found that between 1986 and 1998, the prevalence of overweight children increased significantly and steadily.

By 1998, the prevalence had more than doubled among African-Americans and Hispanics, and had increased by over 50% among whites.

Among African-American and Hispanic children, 21.5% and 21.8%, respectively, were overweight (compared with approximately 10% prevalence of overweight in both groups in 1986).

It was found that 12.3% of white children were overweight (compared with approximately 8% in 1986).

Both prevalence and severity of overweight children has increased.
Journal of the American Medical Association
The relative weight of overweight children also increased from 1986 to 1998, suggesting that the severity, as well as the prevalence, increased over the period.

After adjusting for confounding variables, prevalence increased fastest among minorities and southerners, creating large demographic differences in the prevalence of childhood obesity by 1998.

"Like many other preventable adverse health states, childhood obesity reflects the convergence of many biological, economic, and social factors," the authors write.

"Obesity arises from multiple causes, some as intimate as the family dinner table, others as seductive as television or the latest children's video game. Provision of high-fat meals and snacks in school settings is both a powerful temptation and a clear signal of accepted nutritional norms."

"Innovative strategies have been evaluated to address each of these concerns," they continue.

"No one intervention, by itself, is likely to produce large reductions in the prevalence of obese or overweight children. Like adolescent smoking, teen pregnancy, and youth violence, childhood obesity is prevalent because it arises from deeply rooted behaviors and from social practices that are hardly confined to children.

"Given the profound consequences of childhood inactivity, poor nutrition, and obesity throughout the lifespan, urgency is warranted in responding to this epidemic."

JAMA 2001; 286: 2845-8
14 December 2001

Go to top of page Email this page Email this page to a colleague

 18 January 2018 
Sleeve gastrectomy vs Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
 18 January 2018 
Healthcare costs of liver cancer in the USA
 18 January 2018 
High-risk adenomas at colonoscopy
 17 January 2018 
“Weekend effect” in upper GI hemorrhage
 17 January 2018 
Gut dysbiosis and non-antibiotic prescription medications
 17 January 2018 
Reducing surgical infections in high-outlier colorectal unit
 16 January 2018 
Bundle of care in GI cancer surgery
 16 January 2018 
Anxiety about colonoscopy
 16 January 2018 
Thiopurines and colorectal neoplasia in IBD
 15 January 2018 
Risks of death after liver transplants for liver cancer
 15 January 2018 
Recent advances in hepatocellular carcinoma
 15 January 2018 
Ileostomy output using telemedicine
 12 January 2018 
Surveillance protocols after colorectal cancer resection
 12 January 2018 
Biologic therapy by pregnant women with IBD and infant vaccines
 12 January 2018 
Biologic therapies for IBD in the USA
 11 January 2018 
Genetic risk factors in GERD
 11 January 2018 
Predictor of colorectal adenoma
 11 January 2018 
Ectopic pregnancy in IBD 
 10 January 2018 
Fecal immunochemical tests for colorectal cancer screening
 10 January 2018 
Risk factors for advanced NAFLD
 10 January 2018 
Dyspepsia prevalence with gastroesophageal reflux–type symptoms
 09 January 2018 
Screening intervals for people with family histories of colorectal cancer
 09 January 2018 
Financial impact of colorectal cancer
 09 January 2018 
Current practice and future research in autoimmune hepatitis
 08 January 2018 
Improving prognosis in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis
 08 January 2018 
Reliability of the IBD index
 08 January 2018 
Aprepitant and nausea with gastroparesis
 05 January 2018 
Autoimmune pancreatitis and IBD
 05 January 2018 
Primary nonresponse to infliximab therapy
 05 January 2018 
Anesthesia assistance in outpatient colonoscopy
 04 January 2018 
Dietary polyphenols in the etiology of IBD
 04 January 2018 
Yoga vs low-FODMAP in IBS
 04 January 2018 
Local esophageal food allergen injections in eosinophilic esophagitis
 03 January 2018 
Population health management for IBD
 03 January 2018 
GERD in asthma and COPD
 03 January 2018 
Critical research gaps in colorectal cancer
 22 December 2017 
Costs of extrahepatic manifestations of Hep C
 22 December 2017 
Cholera vaccine and risk of death in colorectal cancer
 22 December 2017 
Colonoscopy after colorectal cancer resection
 21 December 2017 
Human oral microbiome and pancreatic cancer risk
 21 December 2017 
Health management for IBD
 21 December 2017 
PPI and Alzheimer's disease
 20 December 2017 
Management of abnormal liver blood tests
 20 December 2017 
Incidence of biopsy-verified celiac disease
 20 December 2017 
Osteoporotic fractures in Barrett's esophagus
 19 December 2017 
Alcohol abstinence and alcoholic hepatitis
 19 December 2017 
Family burden of pediatric Crohn's in the USA
 19 December 2017 
Early readmission in IBD patients
 18 December 2017 
Colorectal cancer mortality with low-risk adenomas at colonoscopy
 18 December 2017 
Disease activity indices in celiac disease
 18 December 2017 
Smoking behaviour predicted the risk of surgery in Crohn's
 15 December 2017 
Molecular classification of Crohn's disease
 15 December 2017 
Medical cannabinoid legalization policy and vomiting
 15 December 2017 
Inflammatory diet pattern and colorectal cancer risk
 14 December 2017 
PPIs and gastric cancer after H.pylori eradication
 14 December 2017 
H. pylori eradication therapies in countries with clarithromycin resistance
 13 December 2017 
Disease severity in NAFLD
 13 December 2017 
Tryptophan metabolism and IBD activity
 12 December 2017 
Risk factors in undiagnosed cirrhosis
 12 December 2017 
Monitored anesthesia care for outpatient GI endoscopy

Blackwell Publishing


GastroHep.com is a Blackwell Publishing registered trademark
© 2018 Wiley-Blackwell and GastroHep.com and contributors
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
About Us